Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/111952
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Type: Theses
Title: Weak interference direction of arrival estimation in the GPS frequency band
Author: Xu, Zili
Issue Date: 2017
School/Discipline: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Abstract: The GPS signal is vulnerable to both intentional and unintentional interferences due to its low received power. The need to localise GPS interference sources is becoming more pressing as more systems rely on GPS, while GPS jammers are becoming more widely available. This thesis discusses techniques to estimate the direction of arrival (DOA) of weak interferences in the GPS frequency band using antenna arrays. The main issues which affect weak GPS interference DOA estimation accuracy are the antenna array errors, interference from other GPS signals, the number of snapshots required for DOA estimation and system coloured noise. In order to estimate antenna array errors, a modelled eigenstructure based antenna array calibration algorithm is presented. This algorithm describes the antenna array errors using a physical model and uses the GPS signals with known DOAs as disjoint calibration sources to reduce the number of unknown calibration parameters and to enable a larger number of possible calibration sources to be used. GPS calibration sources often have multipath components. These multipath components will contaminate the mutual coupling estimation result due to a similar directional behaviour. In order to solve this issue, a new calibration algorithm is developed to estimate the mutual coupling matrix in the presence of multipath signals. This algorithm first uses the decomposed signal subspace to construct its calibration cost function and then estimates the calibration parameters using alternating projection based methods iteratively. The GPS signals typically have a SNR range from -15dB to -30dB. If the INR of the weak GPS interference is close or lower than this range, GPS signals need to be mitigated as they act like strong interferences. A Multiple Subspace Projection (MSP) algorithm is proposed to cancel GPS signals. This algorithm projects the received signal onto the orthogonal subspace of GPS signals to cancel them completely even if the signals are band-limited, have multipath components, or have fractional delays. The number of snapshots in the received data significantly influences the DOA estimation variance. The Cramer-Rao Lower Bound (CRLB) is derived and analysed for the antenna array DOA estimation. By using the CRLB, the number of snapshots is required to be larger than 1×10⁶ to have the DOA estimation standard deviation to be smaller than 0.25⁰ for a signal with a SNR of -20dB. Finally, after cancelling GPS signals using the MSP algorithm, whitening the coloured noise in the system by using noise only data and calibrating the antenna array, the experimental results using an eight-element GPS antenna array showed that the DOA of a weak GPS interference with a SNR of -22dB could be accurately estimated. Subspace Projection (MSP) algorithm is proposed to cancel GPS signals. This algorithm projects the received signal onto the orthogonal subspace of GPS signals to cancel them completely even if the signals are band-limited, have multipath components, or have fractional delays. The number of snapshots in the received data significantly influences the DOA estimation variance. The Cramer-Rao Lower Bound (CRLB) is derived and analysed for the antenna array DOA estimation. By using the CRLB, the number of snapshots is required to be larger than 1×106 to have the DOA estimation standard deviation to be smaller than 0.25⁰ for a signal with a SNR of -20dB. Finally, after cancelling GPS signals using the MSP algorithm, whitening the coloured noise in the system by using noise only data and calibrating the antenna array, the experimental results using an eight-element GPS antenna array showed that the DOA of a weak GPS interference with a SNR of -22dB could be accurately estimated.
Advisor: Gray, Douglas Andrew
Trinkle, Matthew
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 2017.
Keywords: antenna array
GPS
direction of arrival
interference
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/legals
DOI: 10.4225/55/5af280853e1eb
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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