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Type: Journal article
Title: Overexpression of the class I homeodomain transcription factor TaHDZipI-5 increases drought and frost tolerance in transgenic wheat
Author: Yang, Y.
Luang, S.
Harris, J.
Riboni, M.
Li, Y.
Bazanova, N.
Hrmova, M.
Haefele, S.
Kovalchuk, N.
Lopato, S.
Citation: Plant Biotechnology Journal, 2018; 16(6):1227-1240
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 1467-7644
Statement of
Yunfei Yang, Sukanya Luang, John Harris, Matteo Riboni, Yuan Li, Natalia Bazanova, Maria Hrmova, Stephan Haefele, Nataliya Kovalchuk and Sergiy Lopato
Abstract: Characterization of the function of stress-related genes helps to understand the mechanisms of plant responses to environmental conditions. The findings of this work defined the role of the wheat TaHDZipI-5 gene, encoding a stress-responsive homeodomain–leucine zipper class I (HDZip I) transcription factor, during the development of plant tolerance to frost and drought. Strong induction of TaHDZipI-5 expression by low temperatures, and the elevated TaHDZipI-5 levels of expression in flowers and early developing grains in the absence of stress, suggests that TaHDZipI-5 is involved in the regulation of frost tolerance at flowering. The TaHDZipI-5 protein behaved as an activator in a yeast transactivation assay, and the TaHDZipI-5 activation domain was localized to its C-terminus. The TaHDZipI-5 protein homo- and hetero-dimerizes with related TaHDZipI-3, and differences between DNA interactions in both dimers were specified at 3D molecular levels. The constitutive overexpression of TaHDZipI-5 in bread wheat significantly enhanced frost and drought tolerance of transgenic wheat lines with the appearance of undesired phenotypic features, which included a reduced plant size and biomass, delayed flowering and a grain yield decrease. An attempt to improve the phenotype of transgenic wheat by the application of stress-inducible promoters with contrasting properties did not lead to the elimination of undesired phenotype, apparently due to strict spatial requirements for TaHDZipI-5 overexpression.
Keywords: 3D protein modelling; abiotic stress; activation domain; phenotypic features; protein homo- and hetero-dimerization; stressinducible promoters
Description: Accepted 12 November 2017
Rights: © 2017 The Authors. Plant Biotechnology Journal published by Society for Experimental Biology and The Association of Applied Biologists and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
RMID: 0030078503
DOI: 10.1111/pbi.12865
Grant ID:
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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