Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/112211
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dc.contributor.authorMuralidhar, V.en
dc.contributor.authorMahal, B.en
dc.contributor.authorNezolosky, M.en
dc.contributor.authorBeard, C.en
dc.contributor.authorFeng, F.en
dc.contributor.authorMartin, N.en
dc.contributor.authorEfstathiou, J.en
dc.contributor.authorChoueiri, T.en
dc.contributor.authorPomerantz, M.en
dc.contributor.authorSweeney, C.en
dc.contributor.authorTrinh, Q.en
dc.contributor.authorVander Heiden, M.en
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, P.en
dc.date.issued2016en
dc.identifier.citationBJU International, 2016; 118(2):279-285en
dc.identifier.issn1464-4096en
dc.identifier.issn1464-410Xen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2440/112211-
dc.description.abstractObjective: To determine whether very small prostate cancers present in patients who also have lymph node (LN) metastases represent a particularly aggressive disease variant compared with larger LN-positive tumours. Patients and Methods: We identified 37 501 patients diagnosed with prostate cancer between 1988 and 2001 treated with radical prostatectomy within the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. The primary study variables were tumour size by largest dimension (stratified into: (i) microscopic focus only or 1 mm; (ii) 2-15 mm; (iii) 16-30 mm; (iv) >30 mm), regional LN involvement, and the corresponding interaction term. We evaluated the risk of 10-year prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) using the Fine and Gray model for competing risks after controlling for race, tumour grade, T stage, receipt of radiation, number of dissected LNs, number of positive LNs, year of diagnosis, and age at diagnosis. Results: The median follow-up was 11.8 years. There was a significant interaction between tumour size and LN involvement (P-interaction <0.001). In the absence of LN involvement (36 561 patients), the risk of 10-year PCSM increased monotonically with increasing tumour size. Among patients with LN involvement (940), those with the smallest tumours had increased 10-year PCSM compared with patients with tumours sized 2-15 mm (24.7% vs 11.8%; adjusted hazard ratio [AHR] 2.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.21-6.71; P = 0.017) or 16-30 mm (24.7% vs 15.5%; AHR 3.12, 95% CI 1.51-6.49; P = 0.002), and similar 10-year PCSM as those with tumours >30 mm (24.7% vs 24.9%; P = 0.156). Conclusion: In patients with prostate cancer with LN involvement, very small tumour size may predict for higher PCSM compared with some larger tumours, even after controlling for other prognostic variables. These tumours might be particularly aggressive, beyond what is captured by pathological assessment of tumour grade and stage.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityVinayak Muralidhar, Brandon A. Mahal, Michelle D. Nezolosky, Clair J. Beard, Felix Y. Feng, Neil E. Martin, Jason A. Efstathiou, Toni K. Choueiri, Mark M. Pomerantz, Christopher J. Sweeney, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Matthew G. Vander Heiden, Paul L. Nguyenen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwellen
dc.rights© 2015 The Authors BJU International © 2015 BJU International Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltden
dc.subjectmicroscopic tumour; node-positive prostate cancer; prostate cancer; tumour sizeen
dc.titleAssociation between very small tumour size and increased cancer-specific mortality after radical prostatectomy in lymph node-positive prostate canceren
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.rmid0030039246en
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/bju.13248en
dc.identifier.pubid196752-
pubs.library.collectionMedicine publicationsen
pubs.library.teamDS10en
pubs.verification-statusVerifieden
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
dc.identifier.orcidSweeney, C. [0000-0002-0398-6018]en
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