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Type: Journal article
Title: Petrogenesis of Early Cretaceous bimodal volcanic rocks in the Fanchang Basin, SE China: an energy-constrained assimilation-fractional crystallization model
Author: Luo, W.
Hou, T.
Santosh, M.
Wen, S.
Zhang, Z.
Citation: International Geology Review, 2013; 55(8):917-940
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0020-6814
Statement of
Wenjuan Luo, Tong Hou, M. Santosh, Shihua Wen and Zhaochong Zhang
Abstract: Volcanic rocks in the Middle-Lower Yangtze River Valley (MLYRV) constitute a bimodal magmatic suite, with a significant compositional gap (between 50% and 63% SiO2) between the mafic and felsic members. The suite is characterized by a relatively wide spectrum of rock types, including basalts, trachytes, and rhyolites. The basaltic rocks have low-to-moderate SiO2 contents of 46.00–50.01%, whereas the trachytes and rhyolites possess SiO2 contents in the range of 63.08-77.61%. Rocks of the bimodal suite show moderate enrichment of LILEs, negative Nb, Ta, and Ti anomalies, and are significantly enriched in LREEs. The basalts were most likely generated by parental mafic magmas derived from enriched lithospheric mantle with minor assimilation of crustal materials involving coeval crystal fractionation during magma evolution. The results of energy-constrained assimilation and fractional crystallization simulations demonstrate that the felsic magma was produced by the mixing of 5-20% lower crustal anatectic melts with an evolved mafic magma (∼48% SiO2) and accompanied by extensive clinopyroxene, plagioclase, biotite, and Fe-Ti oxide fractionation. Our model for the genesis of felsic rocks in bimodal suites is different from the traditional models of crustal melting and fractional crystallization or assimilation–fractional crystallization of basaltic liquids.
Keywords: Fanchang Basin; bimodal volcanic rocks; EC-AFC model; geochemistry
Rights: © 2013 Taylor & Francis
DOI: 10.1080/00206814.2012.751177
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