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|Title:||Dissecting the role of MADS-box genes in monocot floral development and diversity|
|Citation:||Journal of Experimental Botany, 2018; 69(10):2435-2459|
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Cindy Callens, Matthew R. Tucker, Dabing Zhang and Zoe A. Wilson|
|Abstract:||Many monocot plants have high social and economic value. These include grasses such as rice (Oryza sativa), wheat (Triticum aestivum), and barley (Hordeum vulgare), which produce soft commodities for many food and beverage industries, and ornamental flowers such ase lily (Lilium longiflorum) and orchid (Oncidium Gower Ramsey), which represent an important component of international flower markets. There is constant pressure to improve the development and diversity of these species, with a significant emphasis on flower development, and this is particularly relevant considering the impact of changing environments on reproduction and thus yield. MADS-box proteins are a family of transcription factors that contain a conserved 60 amino acid MADS-box motif. In plants, attention has been devoted to characterization of this family due to their roles in inflorescence and flower development, which holds promise for the modification of floral architecture for plant breeding. This has been explored in diverse angiosperms, but particularly the dicot model Arabidopsis thaliana. The focus of this review is on the less well characterized roles of the MADS-box proteins in monocot flower development and how changes in MADS-box proteins throughout evolution may have contributed to creating a diverse range of flowers. Examining these changes within the monocots can identify the importance of certain genes and pinpoint those which might be useful in future crop improvement and breeding strategies.|
|Keywords:||Arabidopsis; barley; floral development; inflorescence; lily; MADS-box; monocots; rice; transcription factors; wheat; orchid|
|Description:||Advance Access publication 21 March 2018|
|Rights:||The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
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