Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/112485
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Type: Journal article
Title: Oil palm smallholder yields and incomes constrained by harvesting practices and type of smallholder management in Indonesia
Author: Lee, J.
Ghazoul, J.
Obidzinski, K.
Koh, L.
Citation: Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 2014; 34(2):501-513
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 1774-0746
1773-0155
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Janice Ser Huay Lee, Jaboury Ghazoul, Krystof Obidzinski, Lian Pin Koh
Abstract: The oil palm industry in Indonesia faces several challenges in its bid to adopt more sustainable practices. These challenges include finding ways to increase smallholder palm oil production and to promote benefit sharing with local communities. However, factors that influence oil palm yield and income among oil palm smallholdings are poorly known. We surveyed 379 households in 15 villages in Sumatra, Indonesia, to identify factors controlling smallholder yield and income. We found that decreasing monthly harvesting rotation of oil palm smallholdings decreases oil palm yield, whereby once-a-month harvesting resulted in the lowest annual fresh fruit bunch yields (14.82 t/ha). We also found that independent smallholder households receive lower gross monthly incomes compared to scheme and managed smallholder households, whereby independent smallholders received the lowest gross monthly income from oil palm cultivation (2.17 million Indonesian rupiah). Our results provide quantitative evidence that harvesting rotation and type of smallholder management are important constraints on oil palm yields and incomes of smallholders.
Keywords: Elaeis guineensis; smallholders; livelihoods; productivity; agribusiness
Rights: © INRA and Springer-Verlag France 2013
RMID: 0030016095
DOI: 10.1007/s13593-013-0159-4
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

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