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Type: Journal article
Title: Cocatalysts in semiconductor-based photocatalytic CO₂ reduction: Achievements, challenges, and opportunities
Other Titles: Cocatalysts in semiconductor-based photocatalytic CO(2) reduction: Achievements, challenges, and opportunities
Author: Ran, J.
Jaroniec, M.
Qiao, S.
Citation: Advanced Materials, 2018; 30(7):1704649-1-1704649-3.1
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 0935-9648
Statement of
Jingrun Ran, Mietek Jaroniec, and Shi-Zhang Qiao
Abstract: Ever-increasing fossil-fuel combustion along with massive CO₂ emissions has aroused a global energy crisis and climate change. Photocatalytic CO₂ reduction represents a promising strategy for clean, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly conversion of CO₂ into hydrocarbon fuels by utilizing solar energy. This strategy combines the reductive half-reaction of CO₂ conversion with an oxidative half reaction, e.g., H₂O oxidation, to create a carbon-neutral cycle, presenting a viable solution to global energy and environmental problems. There are three pivotal processes in photocatalytic CO₂ conversion: (i) solar-light absorption, (ii) charge separation/migration, and (iii) catalytic CO₂ reduction and H₂O oxidation. While significant progress is made in optimizing the first two processes, much less research is conducted toward enhancing the efficiency of the third step, which requires the presence of cocatalysts. In general, cocatalysts play four important roles: (i) boosting charge separation/transfer, (ii) improving the activity and selectivity of CO₂ reduction, (iii) enhancing the stability of photocatalysts, and (iv) suppressing side or back reactions. Herein, for the first time, all the developed CO₂-reduction cocatalysts for semiconductor-based photocatalytic CO₂ conversion are summarized, and their functions and mechanisms are discussed. Finally, perspectives in this emerging area are provided.
Keywords: CO2 reduction
solar fuels
Description: Published online: January 8, 2018
Rights: © 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
DOI: 10.1002/adma.201704649
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