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|Title:||Charge symmetry breaking effects in pion and kaon structure|
|Citation:||Physical Review C, 2018; 97(5):055210-1-055210-9|
|Publisher:||American Physical Society|
|Parada T. P. Hutauruk, Wolfgang Bentz, Ian C. Cloët, and Anthony W. Thomas|
|Abstract:||Charge symmetry breaking (CSB) effects associated with the u and d quark mass difference are investigated in the quark distribution functions and spacelike electromagnetic form factors of the pion and kaon. We use a confining version of the Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model, where CSB effects at the infrared scale associated with the model are driven by the dressed u and d quark mass ratio, which because of dynamical chiral symmetry breaking is much closer to unity than the associated current quark mass ratio. The pion and kaon are given as bound states of a dressed quark and a dressed antiquark governed by the Bethe-Salpeter equation, and exhibit the properties of Goldstone bosons, with a pion mass difference given by m2 π + − m2 π0 ∝ (mu − md )² as demanded by dynamical chiral symmetry breaking.We find significant CSB effects for realistic current quark mass ratios (mu/md ∼ 0.5) in the quark flavor-sector electromagnetic form factors of both the pion and kaon. For example, the difference between the u and d quark contributions to the π + electromagnetic form factors is about 8% at a momentum transfer of Q² ≃ 10 GeV², while the analogous effect for the light quark sector form factors in the K⁺ and K⁰ is about twice as large. For the parton distribution functions we find CSB effects which are considerably smaller than those found in the electromagnetic form factors.|
|Description:||Published 17 May 2018|
|Rights:||©2018 American Physical Society|
|Appears in Collections:||Physics publications|
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