Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/113106
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Type: Journal article
Title: Proximal translation of > 1 mm within the first two years of revision total hip arthroplasty correctly predicts whether or not an acetabular component is loose in 80% of cases: a case-control study with confirmed intra-operative outcomes
Author: Kim, Y.
Abrahams, J.
Callary, S.
De Ieso, C.
Costi, K.
Howie, D.
Solomon, L.
Citation: Bone and Joint Journal, 2017; 99B(4):465-474
Publisher: British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 2049-4394
2049-4408
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Y. S. Kim, J. M. Abrahams, S. A. Callary, C. De Ieso, K. Costi, D. W. Howie, L. B. Solomon
Abstract: Aims: The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of previously reported thresholds of proximal translation and sagittal rotation of cementless acetabular components used for revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) at various times during early follow-up. Patients and Methods: Migration of cementless acetabular components was measured retrospectively in 84 patients (94 components) using Ein-Bild-Rontgen-Analyse (EBRA-Cup) in two groups of patients. In Group A, components were recorded as not being loose intra-operatively at re-revision THA (52 components/48 patients) and Group B components were recorded to be loose at re-revision (42 components/36 patients). Results: The mean proximal translation and sagittal rotation were significantly higher in Group B than in Group A from three months onwards (p < 0.02). Proximal translation > 1.0 mm within 24 months had a positive predictive value (PPV) of 90% and a specificity of 94%, but a sensitivity of 64%. Proximal translation > 1.0 mm within the first 24 months correctly identified 76 of 94 (81%) of components to be either loose or not loose. However, ten components in Group B (24%) did not migrate proximally above 1.0 mm within the first 60 months. Conclusion: The high PPV of EBRA-Cup measurements of proximal translation (90%) shows that this can be used in early follow-up to identify patients at risk of aseptic loosening. The absence of proximal translation within the first 60 months indicates a component is not likely to be loose at re-revision THA although it does not exclude late aseptic loosening as a cause of failure.
Keywords: Acetabulum
Rights: ©2017 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery
RMID: 0030067630
DOI: 10.1302/0301-620X.99B4.BJJ-2016-0805.R1
Appears in Collections:Orthopaedics and Trauma publications

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