Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/113200
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Type: Journal article
Title: Acute resveratrol consumption improves neurovascular coupling capacity in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Author: Wong, R.H.
Raederstorff, D.
Howe, P.R.
Citation: Nutrients, 2016; 8(7):425-1-425-10
Publisher: MDPI AG
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 2072-6643
2072-6643
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Rachel H.X. Wong, Daniel Raederstorff and Peter R.C. Howe
Abstract: Background: Poor cerebral perfusion may contribute to cognitive impairment in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We conducted a randomized controlled trial to test the hypothesis that resveratrol can enhance cerebral vasodilator function and thereby alleviate the cognitive deficits in T2DM.We have already reported that acute resveratrol consumption improved cerebrovascular responsiveness (CVR) to hypercapnia. We now report the effects of resveratrol on neurovascular coupling capacity (CVR to cognitive stimuli), cognitive performance and correlations with plasma resveratrol concentrations. Methods: Thirty-six T2DM adults aged 40–80 years were randomized to consume single doses of resveratrol (0, 75, 150 and 300 mg) at weekly intervals. Transcranial Doppler ultrasound was used to monitor changes in blood flow velocity (BFV) during a cognitive test battery. The battery consisted of dual-tasking (finger tapping with both Trail Making task and Serial Subtraction 3 task) and a computerized multi-tasking test that required attending to four tasks simultaneously. CVR to cognitive tasks was calculated as the per cent increase in BFV from pre-test basal to peak mean blood flow velocity and also as the area under the curve for BFV. Results: Compared to placebo, 75 mg resveratrol significantly improved neurovascular coupling capacity, which correlated with plasma total resveratrol levels. Enhanced performance on the multi-tasking test battery was also evident following 75 mg and 300 mg of resveratrol. Conclusion: a single 75 mg dose of resveratrol was able to improve neurovascular coupling and cognitive performance in T2DM. Evaluation of benefits of chronic resveratrol supplementation is now warranted.
Keywords: Resveratrol; type 2 diabetes; cerebral perfusion; cognitive function; neurovascular coupling; transcranial Doppler ultrasound; multi-tasking; randomized controlled trial
Description: Published: 12 July 2016
Rights: © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
RMID: 0030091025
DOI: 10.3390/nu8070425
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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