Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/113569
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Type: Journal article
Title: Effects of parent and child behaviours on overweight and obesity in infants and young children from disadvantaged backgrounds: systematic review with narrative synthesis
Author: Russell, C.
Taki, S.
Laws, R.
Azadi, L.
Campbell, K.
Elliott, R.
Lynch, J.
Ball, K.
Taylor, R.
Denney-Wilson, E.
Citation: BMC Public Health, 2016; 16(1):151-1-151-13
Publisher: BioMed Central
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 1471-2458
1471-2458
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Catherine Georgina Russell, Sarah Taki, Rachel Laws, Leva Azadi, Karen J. Campbell, Rosalind Elliott, John Lynch, Kylie Ball, Rachael Taylor, and Elizabeth Denney-Wilson
Abstract: Background: Despite the crucial need to develop targeted and effective approaches for obesity prevention in children most at risk, the pathways explaining socioeconomic disparity in children's obesity prevalence remain poorly understood. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of the literature that investigated causes of weight gain in children aged 0-5 years from socioeconomically disadvantaged or Indigenous backgrounds residing in OECD countries. Major electronic databases were searched from inception until December 2015. Key words identified studies addressing relationships between parenting, child eating, child physical activity or sedentary behaviour and child weight in disadvantaged samples. Results: A total of 32 articles met the inclusion criteria. The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool quality rating for the studies ranged from 25 % (weak) to 100 % (strong). Studies predominantly reported on relationships between parenting and child weight (n = 21), or parenting and child eating (n = 12), with fewer (n = 8) investigating child eating and weight. Most evidence was from socio-economically disadvantaged ethnic minority groups in the USA. Clustering of diet, weight and feeding behaviours by socioeconomic indicators and ethnicity precluded identification of independent effects of each of these risk factors. Conclusions: This review has highlighted significant gaps in our mechanistic understanding of the relative importance of different aspects of parent and child behaviours in disadvantaged population groups.
Keywords: Obesity; parents; children; socioeconomically disadvantaged; Indigenous; eating; food, sedentary; activity; weight
Rights: © 2016 Russell et al. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
RMID: 0030043329
DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-2801-y
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/570120
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1042442
Appears in Collections:Public Health publications

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