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Type: Journal article
Title: Hyperaldosteronism induces left atrial systolic and diastolic dysfunction
Author: Reil, J.
Tauchnitz, M.
Tian, Q.
Hohl, M.
Linz, D.
Oberhofer, M.
Kaestner, L.
Reil, G.
Thiele, H.
Steendijk, P.
Böhm, M.
Neuberger, H.
Lipp, P.
Citation: American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 2016; 311(4):H1014-H1023
Publisher: American Physiological Society
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 0363-6135
Statement of
Jan-Christian Reil, Marcus Tauchnitz, Qinghai Tian, Mathias Hohl, Dominik Linz, Martin Oberhofer, Lars Kaestner, Gert-Hinrich Reil, Holger Thiele, Paul Steendijk, Michael Böhm, Hans-Ruprecht Neuberger, and Peter Lipp
Abstract: Patients with hypertension and hyperaldosteronism show an increased risk of stroke compared with patients with essential hypertension. Aim of the study was to assess the effects of aldosterone on left atrial function in rats as a potential contributor to thromboembolism. Osmotic mini-pumps delivering 1.5 μg aldosterone/h were implanted in rats subcutaneously (Aldo, n = 39; controls, n = 38). After 8 wk, left ventricular pressure-volume analysis of isolated working hearts was performed, and left atrial systolic and diastolic function was also assessed by atrial pressure-diameter loops. Moreover, left atrial myocytes were isolated to investigate their global and local Ca²⁺ handling and contractility. At similar heart rates, pressure-volume analysis of isolated hearts and in vivo hemodynamic measurements revealed neither systolic nor diastolic left ventricular dysfunction in Aldo. In particular, atrial filling pressures and atrial size were not increased in Aldo. Aldo rats showed a significant reduction of atrial late diastolic A wave, atrial active work index, and increased V waves. Consistently, in Aldo rats, sarcomere shortening and the amplitude of electrically evoked global Ca²⁺ transients were substantially reduced. Sarcoplasmic reticulum-Ca²⁺ content and fractional Ca²⁺ release were decreased, substantiated by a reduced sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase activity, resulting from a reduced CAMKII-evoked phosphorylation of phospholamban. Hyperaldosteronism induced atrial systolic and diastolic dysfunction, while atrial size and left ventricular hemodynamics, including filling pressures, were unaffected in rats. The described model suggests a direct causal link between hyperaldosteronism and decreased atrial contractility and diastolic compliance.
Keywords: Aldosterone; atrial function; hemodynamics
Rights: Copyright © 2016 American Physiological Society. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1152/ajpheart.00261.2016
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