Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/113617
Type: Theses
Title: Haemostasis in endoscopic skull base surgery
Author: Jukes, Alistair Kenneth
Issue Date: 2018
School/Discipline: School of Medicine
Abstract: The endoscopic approach to the skull base has revolutionised surgery in this region. Neurosurgery involves working around anatomical structures that are uniquely sensitive to damage and manipulation and patients may be left with the potentially devastating consequences of violating these structures. The endoscope allows the surgeon to visualise and reach areas that were previously only accessible with large amounts of destructive dissection. Tumours are able to be removed and aneurysms clipped without the need for large craniotomies and bony drilling. There are, however, drawbacks. The midline endoscopic route takes the surgeon between the carotid arteries. It potentially violates the anterior communicating artery complex and the basilar artery region anterior to the brainstem. These are important arteries that supply critical structures. Damage to these, or diminution of blood flow through them, results in profound neurological dysfunction or death. The rate of damage to the carotid artery with these approaches ranges from 1.1-9% depending on the specific approach and pathology. The carotid artery in this region does not generally lend itself to suturing, clipping or direct closure methods. Currently, the gold standard for repair is the application of crushed muscle patch to stop the bleeding and seal the vessel. The drawbacks to this are that it takes time to harvest and control the bleed (generally requiring 2 surgeons), and that there is a risk of pseudoaneurysm formation post recovery. This thesis describes novel techniques that may replace the muscle patch in order that a single surgeon may have this technique available to them immediately. Aims: To demonstrate the use of fibrin/thrombin/gelatin patches, fibrin/thrombin glues, beta-chitosan patches and self-assembling peptides on a sheep model of carotid artery haemorrhage and quantify the rate of pseudoaneurysm formation. To show the percentage of platelets activated by crushed and uncrushed muscle, chitosan, and fibrin and thrombin patches and gels using flow cytometry to further delineate the mechanism of action of crushed muscle as a haemostatic agent. To quantify the stress response in surgeons training on this sheep vascular haemorrhage model de novo, to quantify its effect on surgeons’ teamwork and communication skills, and determine the effect and value of training on modulation of this stress response.
Advisor: Wormald, Peter-John
Psaltis, Alkisviadis
Vreugde, Sarah
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) (Research by Publication) -- University of Adelaide, Adelaide Medical School, 2018
Keywords: Research by publication
haemostasis
endoscopic surgery
skull base
chitin
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/legals
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Jukes2018_PhD.pdf43.32 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.