Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/113826
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Type: Journal article
Title: Exploring the role of cell wall-related genes and polysaccharides during plant development
Author: Tucker, M.
Lou, H.
Aubert, M.
Wilkinson, L.
Little, A.
Houston, K.
Pinto, S.
Shirley, N.
Citation: Plants, 2018; 7(2):42-1-42-17
Publisher: MDPI AG
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 2223-7747
2223-7747
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Matthew R. Tucker, Haoyu Lou, Matthew K. Aubert, Laura G. Wilkinson, Alan Little, Kelly Houston, Sara C. Pinto and Neil J. Shirley
Abstract: The majority of organs in plants are not established until after germination, when pluripotent stem cells in the growing apices give rise to daughter cells that proliferate and subsequently differentiate into new tissues and organ primordia. This remarkable capacity is not only restricted to the meristem, since maturing cells in many organs can also rapidly alter their identity depending on the cues they receive. One general feature of plant cell differentiation is a change in cell wall composition at the cell surface. Historically, this has been viewed as a downstream response to primary cues controlling differentiation, but a closer inspection of the wall suggests that it may play a much more active role. Specific polymers within the wall can act as substrates for modifications that impact receptor binding, signal mobility, and cell flexibility. Therefore, far from being a static barrier, the cell wall and its constituent polysaccharides can dictate signal transmission and perception, and directly contribute to a cell's capacity to differentiate. In this review, we re-visit the role of plant cell wall-related genes and polysaccharides during various stages of development, with a particular focus on how changes in cell wall machinery accompany the exit of cells from the stem cell niche.
Keywords: cell wall
polysaccharide
development
glycosyltransferase
glycosyl hydrolase
differentiation
shoot meristem
root meristem
Description: Published: 31 May 2018
Rights: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
DOI: 10.3390/plants7020042
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FT140100780
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications
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