Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/113878
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Type: Journal article
Title: Large-scale distribution patterns of mangrove nematodes: A global meta-analysis
Author: Brustolin, M.
Nagelkerken, I.
Fonseca, G.
Citation: Ecology and Evolution, 2018; 8(10):4734-4742
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 2045-7758
2045-7758
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Marco C. Brustolin, Ivan Nagelkerken, Gustavo Fonseca
Abstract: Mangroves harbor diverse invertebrate communities, suggesting that macroecological distribution patterns of habitat-forming foundation species drive the associated faunal distribution. Whether these are driven by mangrove biogeography is still ambiguous. For small-bodied taxa, local factors and landscape metrics might be as important as macroecology. We performed a meta-analysis to address the following questions: (1) can richness of mangrove trees explain macroecological patterns of nematode richness? and (2) do local landscape attributes have equal or higher importance than biogeography in structuring nematode richness? Mangrove areas of Caribbean-Southwest Atlantic, Western Indian, Central Indo-Pacific, and Southwest Pacific biogeographic regions. We used random-effects meta-analyses based on natural logarithm of the response ratio (lnRR) to assess the importance of macroecology (i.e., biogeographic regions, latitude, longitude), local factors (i.e., aboveground mangrove biomass and tree richness), and landscape metrics (forest area and shape) in structuring nematode richness from 34 mangroves sites around the world. Latitude, mangrove forest area, and forest shape index explained 19% of the heterogeneity across studies. Richness was higher at low latitudes, closer to the equator. At local scales, richness increased slightly with landscape complexity and decreased with forest shape index. Our results contrast with biogeographic diversity patterns of mangrove-associated taxa. Global-scale nematode diversity may have evolved independently of mangrove tree richness, and diversity of small-bodied metazoans is probably more closely driven by latitude and associated climates, rather than local, landscape, or global biogeographic patterns.
Keywords: biodiversity; free‐living marine nematodes; landscape structure; macroecology; meiofauna; spatial distribution
Rights: © 2018 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
RMID: 0030086406
DOI: 10.1002/ece3.3982
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FT120100183
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

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