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|Title:||Oxidation of elemental sulfur in granular fertilizers depends on the soil-exposed surface area|
Da Silva, R.
|Citation:||Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2016; 80(2):294-305|
|Publisher:||Soil Science Society of America|
|Fien Degryse, Babasola Ajiboye, Roslyn Baird, Rodrigo C. da Silva, Mike J. McLaughlin|
|Abstract:||Elemental S (ES) is the most concentrated S source and does not leach readily in soils but only becomes available to plants after oxidation to SO₄–S. Commercial ES fertilizers are usually in granular form (e.g., as ES prills or ES-fortified N–P–K fertilizer), but studies on ES oxidation have mostly focused on ES powder mixed through soil. We studied the oxidation of commercial granular ES fertilizers and powdered ES in a column incubation experiment at 25°C with three soils (two Mollisols and an Oxisol). The columns were leached at periodic intervals, and ES oxidation was evaluated by measuring S in the leachates and by analyzing ES remaining in the soil at the end of the experiment (56 or 36 wk). Sulfate immobilization in organic matter was taken into account in the derivation of the ES oxidation rate. For all three soils, the oxidation rate was around 0.02 d⁻¹ for ES particles (diameter <100 mm) mixed with soil, around 0.005 d⁻¹ for ES-fortified monoammonium phosphate granules with up to 7.5% (<100 mm) ES, and around 0.0006 d⁻¹ for ES–bentonite pastilles (90% ES). The slower oxidation of granular than of powdered ES was attributed to the reduced surface area in contact with the soil. Knowledge of the oxidation rate of fertilizer ES is important for improving fertilizer management. This study shows that the oxidation rate of granular ES fertilizers differs greatly depending on their composition and provides the first quantitative assessment of the oxidation rate of ES in S-fortified N–P fertilizers.|
|Rights:||© Soil Science Society of America, 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison WI 53711 USA. All Rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
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