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Type: Theses
Title: Aspects of E6 inspired supersymmetric models
Other Titles: Aspects of E₆ inspired supersymmetric models
Author: Harries, Dylan
Issue Date: 2017
School/Discipline: School of Physical Sciences
Abstract: Supersymmetry (SUSY) is currently one of the best motivated extensions of the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics. Softly broken SUSY naturally stabilises the electroweak scale against large quantum corrections, without the unnatural fine tuning required in the SM. However, experimental searches for superpartners and the observed 125 GeV Higgs mass now imply that large corrections again arise in the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM), reintroducing the need for fine tuning. In this thesis, we study a class of non-minimal E₆ inspired SUSY models that are partially motivated by solving these and other problems of the MSSM. A unified E₆ gauge group at high energies is assumed to lead to a low-energy theory with one or more additional U(1) gauge symmetries and extra matter content compared to the MSSM. To facilitate the study of these and other Beyond the Standard Model theories, we implement several extensions to existing automated tools, significantly improving their capabilities and range of applicability. In the simplest E₆ inspired models, additional contributions to the Higgs mass reduce the need for large radiative corrections but introduce a new source of fine tuning associated with a massive Z' boson. By considering several such models at low energies, we show that experimental limits on the mass of this state imply a minimal amount of fine tuning is required to reproduce the electroweak scale. The severity of this fine tuning is also shown to depend strongly on the details of the gauge symmetry breaking. We next consider an alternative E₆ model with a single, exact custodial symmetry. This custodial symmetry, combined with an automatically conserved matter parity, implies the existence of two dark matter candidates in the model. We explore the parameter spaces of constrained versions of this model and the MSSM in which one dark matter candidate is a MSSM-like mixed bino-Higgsino or pure Higgsino state. We find that the dark matter relic density may be reproduced while satisfying experimental constraints, and that light exotics may be discoverable at the Large Hadron Collider. We conclude by investigating the impacts of current and future direct detection searches on the parameter spaces of both models.
Advisor: Williams, Anthony Gordon
White, Martin
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Physical Sciences, 2017
Keywords: supersymmetry
dark matter
fine tuning
numerical methods
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
DOI: 10.25909/5b87824ec1400
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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