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Type: Journal article
Title: Forests and their canopies: achievements and horizons in canopy science
Author: Nakamura, A.
Kitching, R.
Cao, M.
Creedy, T.
Fayle, T.
Freiberg, M.
Hewitt, C.
Itioka, T.
Koh, L.
Ma, K.
Malhi, Y.
Mitchell, A.
Novotny, V.
Ozanne, C.
Song, L.
Wang, H.
Ashton, L.
Citation: Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 2017; 32(6):438-451
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 0169-5347
Statement of
Akihiro Nakamura, Roger L. Kitching, Min Cao, Thomas J. Creedy, Tom M. Fayle, Martin Freiberg, C.N. Hewitt, Takao Itioka, Lian Pin Koh, Keping Ma, Yadvinder Malhi, Andrew Mitchell, Vojtech Novotny, Claire M.P. Ozanne, Liang Song, Han Wang, and Louise A. Ashton
Abstract: Forest canopies are dynamic interfaces between organisms and atmosphere, providing buffered microclimates and complex microhabitats. Canopies form vertically stratified ecosystems interconnected with other strata. Some forest biodiversity patterns and food webs have been documented and measurements of ecophysiology and biogeochemical cycling have allowed analyses of large-scale transfer of CO2, water, and trace gases between forests and the atmosphere. However, many knowledge gaps remain. With global research networks and databases, and new technologies and infrastructure, we envisage rapid advances in our understanding of the mechanisms that drive the spatial and temporal dynamics of forests and their canopies. Such understanding is vital for the successful management and conservation of global forests and the ecosystem services they provide to the world.
Keywords: Biodiversity; canopy; cranes; food webs; remote sensing; biogeochemical cycle
Rights: © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
RMID: 0030067117
DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2017.02.020
Appears in Collections:Ecology, Evolution and Landscape Science publications

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