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Type: Journal article
Title: Evaluation of carotid plaque echogenicity based on the integral of the cumulative probability distribution using gray-scale ultrasound images
Author: Huang, X.
Zhang, Y.
Meng, L.
Abbott, D.
Qian, M.
Wong, K.
Zheng, R.
Zheng, H.
Niu, L.
Citation: PLoS One, 2017; 12(10):1-13
Publisher: PLoS ONE
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 1932-6203
Editor: Fukumoto, Y.
Statement of
Xiaowei Huang, Yanling Zhang, Long Meng, Derek Abbott, Ming Qian, Kelvin K. L. Wong, Rongqing Zheng, Hairong Zheng, Lili Niu
Abstract: Carotid plaque echogenicity is associated with the risk of cardiovascular events. Gray-scale median (GSM) of the ultrasound image of carotid plaques has been widely used as an objective method for evaluation of plaque echogenicity in patients with atherosclerosis. We proposed a computer-aided method to evaluate plaque echogenicity and compared its efficiency with GSM.One hundred and twenty-five carotid plaques (43 echo-rich, 35 intermediate, 47 echolucent) were collected from 72 patients in this study. The cumulative probability distribution curves were obtained based on statistics of the pixels in the gray-level images of plaques. The area under the cumulative probability distribution curve (AUCPDC) was calculated as its integral value to evaluate plaque echogenicity.The classification accuracy for three types of plaques is 78.4% (kappa value, κ = 0.673), when the AUCPDC is used for classifier training, whereas GSM is 64.8% (κ = 0.460). The receiver operating characteristic curves were produced to test the effectiveness of AUCPDC and GSM for the identification of echolucent plaques. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.817 when AUCPDC was used for training the classifier, which is higher than that achieved using GSM (AUC = 0.746). Compared with GSM, the AUCPDC showed a borderline association with coronary heart disease (Spearman r = 0.234, p = 0.050).Our experimental results suggest that AUCPDC analysis is a promising method for evaluation of plaque echogenicity and predicting cardiovascular events in patients with plaques.
Keywords: Probability distribution; ultrasound imaging; distribution curves; coronary heart disease; diabetes mellitus; hypertension; cholesterol; probability density
Rights: © 2017 Huang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0185261
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Electrical and Electronic Engineering publications

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