Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/114464
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Type: Theses
Title: Uniform-electric-field-approximation based modelling of longitudinal piezoelectric transducers
Author: Zhang, Yangkun
Issue Date: 2016
School/Discipline: School of Mechanical Engineering
Abstract: Longitudinal piezoelectric transducers (LPT), which collectively refer to piezoelectric actuators, vibrators, sensors and actuators designed for longitudinal deformations or vibrations, are the most widely used piezoelectric devices. LPT model, which can be used to predict the behavior or performance in time/frequency domain, plays a vital role in the design and optimization of these LPT-based applications. Existing models which can be used for dynamic behavior prediction, are based on the complex electromechanical coupled fundamentals of piezoelectricity, which involves a complex position-varying electric field. Therefore, solving these models for the design and optimization of LPT-based applications is very computationally inefficient. After initial extensive investigations of possible effective simplifications in the complex fundamentals for modeling LPT, it is found that the electric field in LPT could be effectively approximated to be uniform (i.e. electric field is independent of its position) and this approximation could greatly simplify and facilitate the modeling of LPT-based applications. Therefore, the aim of this research is to study the uniformelectric-field approximation in simplifying the analysis, modelling and calculations of LPT for facilitating design and optimization of the LPT-based applications. LPT can, in principle, be divided into d31-mode LPT and d33-mode LPT. Both types are investigated in this thesis work. The main contributions of this thesis work are presented in 6 chapters, with each based on an individual scientific paper. Paper 1 presents the rationale behind the uniform-electric-field-approximation for d33- mode LPT together with its scope and limitation. Then, based on the approximation, novel simplified fundamentals of both simple-layer-type and stack-type d33-mode LPT are formulated, which could provide a very simple analytical solution, especially for the stack-type. To facilitate the modeling of free and loaded vibration of d33-mode LPT in a more straightforward way, a simple equivalent circuit is presented in Paper 2. The presented circuit is inspired by the network theory and formulated exactly based on the simplified fundamentals of d33-mode LPT presented in Paper 1. In many LPT-based applications, LPT are joined with other layers, such as backing layers and propagating layers. For the calculations and analysis of a multilayer structure, a transfer matrix method is always used. Therefore, to further facilitate the calculation when LPT are joined with other layers, the simplified fundamentals of LPT in Paper 1 is wrapped into a transfer matrix form as detailed in Paper 3. When LPT are used in a complex structure, a finite element model is widely applied for computation and analysis. Based on the uniform-electric-field-approximation, two simple equivalent finite element models of LPT are presented in Paper 4, which can largely simplify the modeling process and reduce the computational efforts of direct finite element modeling of LPT. Then, Paper 5 presents the rationale behind the uniform-electric-field-approximation for d31-mode LPT, which is different in nature to those of d33-mode. Also, an equivalent mixing method is proposed to consider electrode and adhesive layers within d31-mode LPT. The related equivalent circuit and transfer matrix of d31-mode LPT are formulated. Inspired by d33-mode, Paper 6 presents simple equivalent finite element models of d31-mode LPT.
Advisor: Lu, Tien-Fu
Al-Sarawi, Said Fares Khalil
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) (Research by Publication) -- University of Adelaide, School of Mechanical Engineering, 2016.
Keywords: d33
d31
piezoelectricity
longitudinal
transducer
uniform-electric-field-approximation
equivalent circuit
transfer matrix
finite element model
Research by Publication
Provenance: Copyright material removed from digital thesis. See print copy in University of Adelaide Library for full text.
This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/legals
DOI: 10.25909/5b9af691b8a5e
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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