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Type: Journal article
Title: Field effectiveness of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 vaccination in commercial layers in Indonesia
Author: Tarigan, S.
Wibowo, M.
Indriani, R.
Sumarningsih, S.
Artanto, S.
Idris, S.
Durr, P.
Asmara, W.
Ebrahimie, E.
Stevenson, M.
Ignjatovic, J.
Citation: PLoS One, 2018; 13(1):e0190947-1-e0190947-15
Publisher: PLoS One
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 1932-6203
Statement of
Simson Tarigan, Michael Haryadi Wibowo, Risa Indriani, Sumarningsih Sumarningsih, Sidna Artanto, Syafrison Idris, Peter A. Durr, Widya Asmara, Esmaeil Ebrahimie, Mark A. Stevenson, Jagoda Ignjatovic
Abstract: Although vaccination of poultry for control of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) H5N1 has been practiced during the last decade in several countries, its effectiveness under field conditions remains largely unquantified. Effective HPAI vaccination is however essential in preventing incursions, silent infections and generation of new H5N1 antigenic variants. The objective of this study was to asses the level and duration of vaccine induced immunity in commercial layers in Indonesia. Titres of H5N1 haemagglutination inhibition (HI) antibodies were followed in individual birds from sixteen flocks, age 18-68 week old (wo). The study revealed that H5N1 vaccination had highly variable outcome, including vaccination failures, and was largely ineffective in providing long lasting protective immunity. Flocks were vaccinated with seven different vaccines, administer at various times that could be grouped into three regimes: In regime A, flocks (n = 8) were vaccinated two or three times before 19 wo; in regime B (n = 2), two times before and once after 19 wo; and in regime C (n = 6) three to four times before and two to three times after 19 wo. HI titres in regime C birds were significantly higher during the entire observation period in comparison to titres of regime A or B birds, which also differed significantly from each other. The HI titres of individual birds in each flock differed significantly from birds in other flocks, indicating that the effectiveness of field vaccination was highly variable and farm related. Protective HI titres of >4log2, were present in the majority of flocks at 18 wo, declined thereafter at variable rate and only two regime C flocks had protective HI titres at 68 wo. Laboratory challenge with HPAIV H5N1 of birds from regime A and C flocks confirmed that protective immunity differed significantly between flocks vaccinated by these two regimes. The study revealed that effectiveness of the currently applied H5N1 vaccination could be improved and measures to achieve this are discussed.
Keywords: Animals
Poultry Diseases
Influenza Vaccines
Antibodies, Viral
Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests
Treatment Failure
Longitudinal Studies
Prospective Studies
Animal Husbandry
Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype
Influenza in Birds
Rights: © 2018 Tarigan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190947
Appears in Collections:Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications
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