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|Title:||The composition of organic phosphorus in soils of the Snowy Mountains region of south-eastern Australia|
|Citation:||Soil Research, 2017; 55(1):10-18|
|Ashlea L. Doolette, Ronald J. Smernik and Timothy I. McLaren|
|Abstract:||Few studies have considered the influence of climate on organic phosphorus (P) speciation in soils. We used sodium hydroxide–ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid (NaOH–EDTA) soil extractions and solution ³¹P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to investigate the soil P composition of five alpine and sub-alpine soils. The aim was to compare the P speciation of this set of soils with those of soils typically reported in the literature from other cold and wet locations, as well as those of other Australian soils from warmer and drier environments. For all alpine and sub-alpine soils, the majority of P detected was in an organic form (54–66% of total NaOH–EDTA extractable P). Phosphomonoesters comprised the largest pool of extractable organic P (83–100%) with prominent peaks assigned to myo- and scyllo-inositol hexakisphosphate (IP₆), although trace amounts of the neo- and D-chiro-IP₆ stereoisomers were also present. Phosphonates were identified in the soils from the coldest and wettest locations; α- and β-glycerophosphate and mononucleotides were minor components of organic P in all soils. The composition of organic P in these soils contrasts with that reported previously for Australian soils from warm, dry environments where inositol phosphate (IP6) peaks were less dominant or absent and humic-P and α- and β-glycerophosphate were proportionally larger components of organic P. Instead, the soil organic P composition exhibited similarities to soils from other cold, wet environments. This provides preliminary evidence that climate is a key driver in the variation of organic P speciation in soils.|
|Keywords:||Climate; organic matter; solution ³¹P NMR spectroscopy|
|Rights:||Journal compilation © CSIRO 2017|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
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