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Type: Journal article
Title: A concise review on multi-omics data integration for terroir analysis in Vitis vinifera
Author: Fabres, J.
Collins, C.
Cavagnaro, T.
Rodriguez Lopez, C.
Citation: Frontiers in Plant Science, 2017; 8:1065-1-1065-8
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 1664-462X
Statement of
Pastor Jullian Fabres, Cassandra Collins, Timothy R. Cavagnaro and Carlos M. Rodríguez López
Abstract: Vitis vinifera (grapevine) is one of the most important fruit crops, both for fresh consumption and wine and spirit production. The term terroir is frequently used in viticulture and the wine industry to relate wine sensory attributes to its geographic origin. Although, it can be cultivated in a wide range of environments, differences in growing conditions have a significant impact on fruit traits that ultimately affect wine quality. Understanding how fruit quality and yield are controlled at a molecular level in grapevine in response to environmental cues has been a major driver of research. Advances in the area of genomics, epigenomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics, have significantly increased our knowledge on the abiotic regulation of yield and quality in many crop species, including V. vinifera. The integrated analysis of multiple ‘omics’ can give us the opportunity to better understand how plants modulate their response to different environments. However, ‘omics’ technologies provide a large amount of biological data and its interpretation is not always straightforward, especially when different ‘omic’ results are combined. Here we examine the current strategies used to integrate multi-omics, and how these have been used in V. vinifera. In addition, we also discuss the importance of including epigenomics data when integrating omics data as epigenetic mechanisms could play a major role as an intermediary between the environment and the genome.
Keywords: Multi-omics; environment; Vitis vinifera; data integration; epigenetics; transcriptomics; metabolomics
Description: Mini review
Rights: Copyright © 2017 Fabres, Collins, Cavagnaro and Rodríguez López. This is an openaccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
RMID: 0030072052
DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2017.01065
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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