Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/115324
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Type: Journal article
Title: Agronomic assessment of the wheat semi-dwarfing gene Rht8 in contrasting nitrogen treatments and water regimes
Author: Kowalski, A.
Gooding, M.
Ferrante, A.
Slafer, G.
Orford, S.
Gasperini, D.
Griffiths, S.
Citation: Field Crops Research, 2016; 191:150-160
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 0378-4290
1872-6852
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Ania M. Kowalski, Mike Gooding, Ariel Ferrante, Gustavo A. Slafer, Simon Orford, Debora Gasperini, Simon Griffiths
Abstract: Reduced height 8 (Rht8) is the main alternative to the GA-insensitive Rht alleles in hot and dry environments where it reduces plant height without yield penalty. The potential of Rht8 in northern-European wheat breeding remains unclear, since the close linkage with the photoperiod-insensitive allele Ppd-D1ais unfavourable in the relatively cool summers. In the present study, two near-isogenic lines (NILs) contrasting for the Rht8/tall allele from Mara in a UK-adapted and photoperiod-sensitive wheat variety were evaluated in trials with varying nitrogen fertiliser (N) treatments and water regimes across sites in the UK and Spain. The Rht8 introgression was associated with a robust height reduction of 11% regardless of N treatment and water regime and the Rht8 NIL was more resistant to root-lodging at agronomically-relevant N levels than the tall NIL. In the UK with reduced solar radiation over the growing season than the site in Spain, the Rht8 NIL showed a 10% yield penalty at standard agronomic N levels due to concomitant reduction ingrain number and spike number whereas grain weight and harvest index were not significantly different to the tall NIL. The yield penalty associated with the Rht8 introgression was overcome at low N and in irrigated conditions in the UK, and in the high-temperature site in Spain. Decreased spike length and constant spikelet number in the Rht8 NIL resulted in spike compaction of 15%, independent of N and water regime. The genetic interval of Rht8 overlaps with the compactum gene on 2DS, raising the possibility of the same causative gene. Further genetic dissection of these loci is required.
Keywords: Rht8; Compactum; wheat; plant height; spike compaction; yield components
Rights: © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4. 0/).
RMID: 0030064441
DOI: 10.1016/j.fcr.2016.02.026
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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