Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/115396
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Type: Journal article
Title: An analysis of the characteristics of thoracic and abdominal injuries due to gunshot homicides in Israel
Author: Maiden, N.
Hiss, J.
Gips, H.
Hocherman, G.
Levin, N.
Kosachevsky, O.
Vinokurov, A.
Zelkowicz, A.
Byard, R.
Citation: Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2016; 61(1):87-92
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 0022-1198
1556-4029
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Nicholas R. Maiden, Jehuda Hiss, Hadas Gips, Gil Hocherman, Nadav Levin, Olga Kosachevsky, Asya Vinokurov, Avraham Zelkowicz and Roger W. Byard
Abstract: De-identified wound data from 197 homicidal gunshot postmortems were obtained between 2000 and 2008. Forensic ballistics data were only available for cases between 2004 and 2008. Males represent 91% of gunshot victims and were struck in the thorax/abdomen with an average of 2.3 bullets. The type of firearms involved were semi-automatic pistols in the predominant caliber 9-mm Luger and assault rifles in caliber 5.56 × 45 mm and caliber 7.62 × 39 mm Soviet, using full metal jacket bullets. The majority of shootings occurred at ranges of 1 m or greater. The most common bullet path was front to back in 66% of cases. Entry wounds occurred more often on the left side of the thorax, abdomen, and back. The most common critical organs/tissues to sustain bullet trauma in descending order were as follows: heart, lungs, liver, aorta, spleen, kidneys, and vena cava. Ribs were struck by most bullets that entered the thorax.
Keywords: Forensic science; entry wound; organ damage; rib damage; cause of death; bullet trajectory
Rights: © 2015 American Academy of Forensic Sciences
RMID: 0030033494
DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.12901
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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