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|Title:||An analysis of the characteristics of thoracic and abdominal injuries due to gunshot homicides in Israel|
|Citation:||Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2016; 61(1):87-92|
|Nicholas R. Maiden, Jehuda Hiss, Hadas Gips, Gil Hocherman, Nadav Levin, Olga Kosachevsky, Asya Vinokurov, Avraham Zelkowicz and Roger W. Byard|
|Abstract:||De-identified wound data from 197 homicidal gunshot postmortems were obtained between 2000 and 2008. Forensic ballistics data were only available for cases between 2004 and 2008. Males represent 91% of gunshot victims and were struck in the thorax/abdomen with an average of 2.3 bullets. The type of firearms involved were semi-automatic pistols in the predominant caliber 9-mm Luger and assault rifles in caliber 5.56 × 45 mm and caliber 7.62 × 39 mm Soviet, using full metal jacket bullets. The majority of shootings occurred at ranges of 1 m or greater. The most common bullet path was front to back in 66% of cases. Entry wounds occurred more often on the left side of the thorax, abdomen, and back. The most common critical organs/tissues to sustain bullet trauma in descending order were as follows: heart, lungs, liver, aorta, spleen, kidneys, and vena cava. Ribs were struck by most bullets that entered the thorax.|
|Keywords:||Forensic science; entry wound; organ damage; rib damage; cause of death; bullet trajectory|
|Rights:||© 2015 American Academy of Forensic Sciences|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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