Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/115514
Citations
Scopus Web of Science® Altmetric
?
?
Type: Journal article
Title: A review of roof harvested rainwater in Australia
Author: Chubaka, C.
Whiley, H.
Edwards, J.
Ross, K.
Citation: Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2018; 2018:1-14
Publisher: Hindawi
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 1687-9805
1687-9813
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Chirhakarhula E. Chubaka, Harriet Whiley, John W. Edwards and Kirstin E. Ross
Abstract: To address concern regarding water sustainability, the Australian Federal Government and many state governments have implemented regulatory mechanisms and incentives to support households to purchase and install rainwater harvesting systems. This has led to an increase in rainwater harvesting in regional and urban Australia. This review examines the implementation of the regulatory mechanisms across Australia. In addition, the literature investigating the potential health consequences of rainwater consumption in Australia was explored. Studies demonstrated that although trace metals such as arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, and iron were present in Australian rainwater, these metallic elements were generally found below the health limit guideline, except in high industrial areas. In addition, pathogenic or indicator microorganisms that include, but are not limited to, Escherichia coli, total and faecal coliforms, Campylobacter, Salmonella, Legionella, Pseudomonas, Cryptosporidium, Enterococci, Giardia, Aeromonas, and Mycobacterium avium Complex (MAC) have been detected in rainwater collected in Australia. However, epidemiological evidence suggests that drinking rainwater does not increase the risk of gastrointestinal disease. It was also identified that there is a need for further research investigating the potential for rainwater to be a source of infection for opportunistic pathogens.
Keywords: Metals, Heavy
Rain
Water Supply
Australia
Drinking Water
Rights: Copyright © 2018 Chirhakarhula E. Chubaka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DOI: 10.1155/2018/6471324
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 8
Public Health publications

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
hdl_115514.pdfPublished Version1.68 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.