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Type: Theses
Title: Adaptive reinforcement learning for heterogeneous network selection
Author: Nguyen, Duong Duc
Issue Date: 2018
School/Discipline: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Abstract: Next generation 5G mobile wireless networks will consist of multiple technologies for devices to access the network at the edge. One of the keys to 5G is therefore the ability for device to intelligently select its Radio Access Technology (RAT). Current fully distributed algorithms for RAT selection although guaranteeing convergence to equilibrium states, are often slow, require high exploration times and may converge to undesirable equilibria. In this dissertation, we propose three novel reinforcement learning (RL) frameworks to improve the efficiency of existing distributed RAT selection algorithms in a heterogeneous environment, where users may potentially apply a number of different RAT selection procedures. Although our research focuses on solutions for RAT selection in the current and future mobile wireless networks, the proposed solutions in this dissertation are general and suitable to apply for any large scale distributed multi-agent systems. In the first framework, called RL with Non-positive Regret, we propose a novel adaptive RL for multi-agent non-cooperative repeated games. The main contribution is to use both positive and negative regrets in RL to improve the convergence speed and fairness of the well-known regret-based RL procedure. Significant improvements in performance compared to other related algorithms in the literature are demonstrated. In the second framework, called RL with Network-Assisted Feedback (RLNF), our core contribution is to develop a network feedback model that uses network-assisted information to improve the performance of the distributed RL for RAT selection. RLNF guarantees no-regret payoff in the long-run for any user adopting it, regardless of what other users might do and so can work in an environment where not all users use the same learning strategy. This is an important implementation advantage as RLNF can be implemented within current mobile network standards. In the third framework, we propose a novel adaptive RL-based mechanism for RAT selection that can effectively handle user mobility. The key contribution is to leverage forgetting methods to rapidly react to the changes in the radio conditions when users move. We show that our solution improves the performance of wireless networks and converges much faster when users move compared to the non-adaptive solutions. Another objective of the research is to study the impact of various network models on the performance of different RAT selection approaches. We propose a unified benchmark to compare the performances of different algorithms under the same computational environment. The comparative studies reveal that among all the important network parameters that influence the performance of RAT selection algorithms, the number of base stations that a user can connect to has the most significant impact. This finding provides some guidelines for the proper design of RAT selection algorithms for future 5G. Our evaluation benchmark can serve as a reference for researchers, network developers, and engineers. Overall, the thesis provides different reinforcement learning frameworks to improve the efficiency of current fully distributed algorithms for heterogeneous RAT selection. We prove the convergence of the proposed reinforcement learning procedures using the differential inclusion (DI) technique. The theoretical analyses demonstrate that the use of DI not only provides an effective method to study the convergence properties of adaptive procedures in game-theoretic learning, but also yields a much more concise and extensible proof as compared to the classical approaches.
Advisor: White, Langford Barton
Lim, Cheng-Chew
Nguyen, Hung Xuan
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 2018
Keywords: reinforcement learning
game theory
correlated equilibrium
radio access technology selection
heterogeneous wireless networks
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
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