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Type: Journal article
Title: Current evidence allows multiple models for the peopling of the Americas
Author: Potter, B.
Baichtal, J.
Beaudoin, A.
Fehren-Schmitz, L.
Haynes, C.
Holliday, V.
Holmes, C.
Ives, J.
Kelly, R.
Llamas, B.
Malhi, R.
Miller, D.
Reich, D.
Reuther, J.
Schiffels, S.
Surovell, T.
Citation: Science Advances, 2018; 4(8):eaat5473-1-eaat5473-8
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 2375-2548
Statement of
Ben A. Potter, James F. Baichtal, Alwynne B. Beaudoin, Lars Fehren-Schmitz, C. Vance Haynes, Vance T. Holliday, Charles E. Holmes, John W. Ives, Robert L. Kelly, Bastien Llamas, Ripan S. Malhi, D. Shane Miller, David Reich, Joshua D. Reuther, Stephan Schiffels, Todd A. Surovell
Abstract: Some recent academic and popular literature implies that the problem of the colonization of the Americas has been largely resolved in favor of one specific model: a Pacific coastal migration, dependent on high marine productivity, from the Bering Strait to South America, thousands of years before Clovis, the earliest widespread cultural manifestation south of the glacial ice. Speculations on maritime adaptations and typological links (stemmed points) across thousands of kilometers have also been advanced. A review of the current genetic, archeological, and paleoecological evidence indicates that ancestral Native American population expansion occurred after 16,000 years ago, consistent with the archeological record, particularly with the earliest securely dated sites after ~15,000 years ago. These data are largely consistent with either an inland (ice-free corridor) or Pacific coastal routes (or both), but neither can be rejected at present. Systematic archeological and paleoecological investigations, informed by geomorphology, are required to test each hypothesis.
Keywords: Humans
Population Dynamics
Emigration and Immigration
Models, Theoretical
History, Ancient
Biological Evolution
Description: Published 8 August 2018
Rights: Copyright © 2018 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC).
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat5473
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 3
Australian Centre for Ancient DNA publications

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