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Type: Journal article
Title: Comparison of the levels of intra-specific genetic variation within Giardia muris and Giardia intestinalis
Author: Andrews, R.
Monis, P.
Ey, P.
Mayrhofer, G.
Citation: International Journal for Parasitology, 1998; 28(8):1179-1185
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Issue Date: 1998
ISSN: 0020-7519
Abstract: The extent of intra-specific genetic variation between isolates of Giardia muris was assessed by allozyme electrophoresis. Additionally, the levels of allozymic variation detected within G. muris were compared with those observed between members of the two major assemblages of the morphologically distinct species Giardia intestinalis. Four isolates of G. muris were analysed. Three (Ad-120, -150, -151) were isolated from mice in Australia, while the fourth (R-T) was isolated from a golden hamster in North America. The 11 isolates of G. intestinalis (Ad-1, -12, -2, -62, representing genetic Groups I and II of Assemblage A and BAH-12, BRIS/87/HEPU/694, Ad-19, -22, -28, -45, -52, representing genetic Groups III and IV of Assemblage B) were from humans in Australia. Intra-specific genetic variation was detected between G. muris isolates at four of the 23 enzyme loci examined. Similar levels of variation were found within the genetic groups that comprise Assemblages A and B of G. intestinalis. These levels of intra-specific variation are similar to those observed within other morphologically-distinct species of protozoan parasites. We suggest that the magnitude of the genetic differences detected within G. muris provides an indication of the range of genetic variation within other species of Giardia and that this can be used as a model to delineate morphologically similar but genetically distinct (cryptic) species within this genus.
Keywords: Animals
Giardia lamblia
Species Specificity
Polymorphism, Genetic
North America
Genetic Variation
DOI: 10.1016/S0020-7519(98)00097-6
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Microbiology and Immunology publications

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