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Type: Journal article
Title: Stabilization of soft clay using short fibers and poly vinyl alcohol
Author: Mirzababaei, M.
Arulrajah, A.
Horpibulsuk, S.
Soltani, A.
Khayat, N.
Citation: Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 2018; 46(5):646-655
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 0266-1144
Statement of
Mehdi Mirzababaei, Arul Arulrajah, Suksun Horpibulsuk, Amin Soltani, Navid Khayat
Abstract: In this study, the effect of the combined addition of fibers and a nontraditional polymer on the mechanical behavior of a clay was investigated. Poly vinyl alcohol, PVA, used as a solution with concentrations of 0.1%, 0.3%, 0.5%, 1.0% and 1.5% and 1,2,3,4 Butane Tetra Carboxylic Acid, BTCA was added as a crosslinking agent at concentration rates of 0.1%, 0.3% and 0.5%, respectively. Short polypropylene fibers were added to the clay at proportionate quantities of 0.25% and 0.50% of the dry weight of the soil. Clay samples were prepared for unconfined compressive strength (UCS) tests at two different initial void ratio values, denoting relatively stiff and markedly soft states. UCS tests were conducted on both 1-day and 14-day cured samples. The results confirmed significant UCS improvements with combined fiber reinforcement and PVA-BTCA stabilization when samples were cured for 14 days. It was also observed that fiber reinforcement outperformed PVA-BTCA stabilization for clays with the lower initial void ratio. PVA-BTCA stabilization was however found to be superior to fiber reinforcement in clays with a relatively higher initial void ratio. The effect of fiber reinforcement and PVA-BTCA stabilization on the stability of soils subjected to excessive wetting was also evaluated using soaking tests. Stabilization with PVA and BTCA was found to enhance the stability of soaked samples significantly. The results of soaking tests proved that BTCA made PVA-stabilized samples more durable when exposed to soaking.
Keywords: Geosynthetics; fiber reinforcement; chemical stabilization; expansive clay; polymer; UCS
Rights: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2018.05.001
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