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Type: Journal article
Title: Quantitative evaluation and in vivo visualization of mercury ion bioaccumulation in rotifers by novel aggregation-induced emission fluorogen nanoparticles
Author: Jiang, Y.
He, T.
Chen, Y.
Ruan, Y.
Zhou, Y.
Tang, B.
Qin, J.
Tang, Y.
Citation: Environmental Science: Nano, 2017; 4(11):2186-2192
Publisher: The Royal Society of Chemistry
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 2051-8153
Statement of
Yusheng Jiang, Tao He, Yuncong Chen, Yinlan Ruan, Yabin Zhou, Ben Zhong Tang, Jianguang Qin and Youhong Tang
Abstract: In this study, a specifically-designed aggregation-induced emission fluorogen (AIEgen) with nanoparticle aggregates was used to quantitatively evaluate the bioaccumulation of Hg2+ and visualize Hg2+ kinetics in vivo within the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis for the first time. Quantitative results showed that a sharp drop in Hg2+ concentration occurred at the very beginning in the medium containing rotifers and Hg2+, showing a quick initial uptake of Hg2+ by the rotifers, and then the concentration in the medium plateaued after 5 min. With an increase in rotifer density, the amount of bioaccumulation increased in the rotifer. However, the bioaccumulation efficiency of Hg2+ decreased from 5.28 mu g mg -1 h -1 at a low rotifer density of 0.093 mg ml -1 to 2.61 mu g mg -1 h -1 at a high rotifer density of 0.375 mg mL-1. Moreover, the fluorescence images and spectra results illustrate that the ingestion of Hg2+ by the rotifer was via its mouth surrounded by the ciliary corona to the digestive tract, and Hg2+ could not permeate into the body integument through diffusion during the study period. Hg2+-induced fluorescence in rotifers dissipated in 6 h after staining, possibly through defecation and excretion. This study indicates that inorganic mercury can be quickly ingested by a rotifer via feeding, but is unlikely deposited as methylated mercury in rotifer tissues.
Rights: This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2017 Open Access Article. Published on 12 September 2017. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.
RMID: 0030076811
DOI: 10.1039/c7en00599g
Appears in Collections:IPAS publications

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