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Type: Journal article
Title: Estimation of mesospheric densities at low latitudes using the Kunming meteor radar together with SABER temperatures
Author: Yi, W.
Xue, X.
Reid, I.
Younger, J.
Chen, J.
Chen, T.
Li, N.
Citation: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2018; 123(4):3183-3195
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 2169-9380
Statement of
Wen Yi, Xianghui Xue, Iain M. Reid, Joel P. Younger, Jinsong Chen, Tingdi Chen, and Na Li
Abstract: Neutral mesospheric densities at a low latitude have been derived during April 2011 to December 2014 using data from the Kunming meteor radar in China (25.6°N, 103.8°E). The daily mean density at 90 km was estimated using the ambipolar diffusion coefficients from the meteor radar and temperatures from the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument. The seasonal variations of the meteor radar-derived density are consistent with the density from the Mass Spectrometer and Incoherent Scatter (MSIS) model, show a dominant annual variation, with a maximum during winter, and a minimum during summer. A simple linear model was used to separate the effects of atmospheric density and the meteor velocity on the meteor radar peak detection height. We find that a 1 km/s difference in the vertical meteor velocity yields a change of approximately 0.42 km in peak height. The strong correlation between the meteor radar density and the velocity-corrected peak height indicates that the meteor radar density estimates accurately reflect changes in neutral atmospheric density and that meteor peak detection heights, when adjusted for meteoroid velocity, can serve as a convenient tool for measuring density variations around the mesopause. A comparison of the ambipolar diffusion coefficient and peak height observed simultaneously by two co-located meteor radars indicates that the relative errors of the daily mean ambipolar diffusion coefficient and peak height should be less than 5% and 6%, respectively, and that the absolute error of the peak height is less than 0.2 km.
Rights: ©2018. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
DOI: 10.1002/2017JA025059
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