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Type: Journal article
Title: Causes of flexor tendon repair failures in two common repair techniques: a cadaver study
Author: Mistry, R.
McCleave, M.
Codrington, J.
Citation: Journal of Hand Surgery.asian-pacific Volume, 2016; 21(3):333-338
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 2424-8355
Statement of
Raakhi Mistry, Michael John McCleave and John Codrington
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Flexor tendon repair failures have primarily been attributed to either core suture rupture or core suture pull out. Recent studies have suggested that knot unravelling may also cause failure of a tendon repair. The aim of this study was to investigate the causes of core suture failure in two types of common flexor tendon repairs. METHODS: Twenty four cadaver tendons were divided into three groups of eight. Each group tested a specific flexor tendon repair. The repairs tested included an Adelaide repair using 4/0 Ethibond (Ethicon), an Adelaide repair using 4/0 Fiberwire (Arthrex) and the Tsai repair with 4/0 Fiberloop (Arthrex). The repaired tendons were pull-tested to failure. The mechanism of failure, maximum tensile strength and 2 mm gap force were recorded. RESULTS:The predominant mode of failure was by the knot unravelling. This occurred in 50-88% of the tendon repairs. The sequence of failure was initiated with gapping at the repair site followed by failure of the epitendinous suture. Next the core suture knot unravels. Once the knot unravels, the suture thread slips out of the tendon resulting in the repair failure. Failures due to knot slippage occurred at a lower maximum tensile strength in Ethibond and Fiberloop sutures than failure due to core rupture or pull out. However, given the small number of tendons tested, this result was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: This study has clearly demonstrated one of the main causes of flexor tendon repair failure in two common repair techniques is knot unravelling.
Keywords: Tendon; flexor tendon; knot; suture; surgery; tendon injury
Rights: Copyright status unknown
DOI: 10.1142/S2424835516500302
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 3
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