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Type: Journal article
Title: Brain antibodies in the cortex and blood of people with schizophrenia and controls
Author: Glass, L.
Sinclair, D.
Boerrigter, D.
Naude, K.
Fung, S.
Brown, D.
Catts, V.
Tooney, P.
O'Donnell, M.
Lenroot, R.
Galletly, C.
Liu, D.
Weickert, T.
Shannon Weickert, C.
Citation: Translational Psychiatry, 2017; 7(8):1-9
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 2158-3188
Statement of
LJ Glass, D Sinclair, D Boerrigter, K Naude, SJ Fung, D Brown, VS Catts, P Tooney, M O’Donnell, R Lenroot, C Galletly, D Liu, TW Weickert and C Shannon Weickert
Abstract: The immune system is implicated in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, with elevated proinflammatory cytokine mRNAs found in the brains of ~40% of individuals with the disorder. However, it is not clear if antibodies (specifically immunoglobulin-γ (IgG)) can be found in the brain of people with schizophrenia and if their abundance relates to brain inflammatory cytokine mRNA levels. Therefore, we investigated the localization and abundance of IgG in the frontal cortex of people with schizophrenia and controls, and the impact of proinflammatory cytokine status on IgG abundance in these groups. Brain IgGs were detected surrounding blood vessels in the human and non-human primate frontal cortex by immunohistochemistry. IgG levels did not differ significantly between schizophrenia cases and controls, or between schizophrenia cases in 'high' and 'low' proinflammatory cytokine subgroups. Consistent with the existence of IgG in the parenchyma of human brain, mRNA and protein of the IgG transporter (FcGRT) were present in the brain, and did not differ according to diagnosis or inflammatory status. Finally, brain-reactive antibody presence and abundance was investigated in the blood of living people. The plasma of living schizophrenia patients and healthy controls contained antibodies that displayed positive binding to Rhesus macaque cerebellar tissue, and the abundance of these antibodies was significantly lower in patients than controls. These findings suggest that antibodies in the brain and brain-reactive antibodies in the blood are present under normal circumstances.
Keywords: Cerebral Cortex
Macaca mulatta
Immunoglobulin G
Rights: © The Author(s) 2017 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
DOI: 10.1038/tp.2017.134
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