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Type: Journal article
Title: Low dietary protein during early pregnancy alters bovine placental development
Author: Perry, V.
Norman, S.
Owens, J.
Daniel, R.
Phillips, N.
Citation: Animal Reproduction Science, 1999; 55(1):13-21
Issue Date: 1999
ISSN: 0378-4320
Abstract: To determine if low dietary protein concentration in the first two trimesters of pregnancy alters placental development, genetically similar heifers from closed herd were fed diets containing different levels of protein in the first and second trimesters of gestation. There were four animals per treatment group, the groups being: L/L = fed a diet containing 7% crude protein (CP) (low protein) in the first and second trimesters; H/H = fed a diet containing 14% CP (high protein) in the first and second trimesters; L/H = fed low protein in the first trimester and high in the second trimester and vice versa for the H/L group. Low protein diets in the first trimester increased dry cotyledon weight at term. Trophectoderm' volume density increased in the H/L and L/H group compared to the L/L and H/H groups. Blood vessel volume and volume density in foetal villi decreased in the H/L and L/H groups compared with the H/H and L/L groups. There was no effect of diet treatment on cotyledon number, diameter or wet weight and no effect on the volume density of connective tissue or fibroblasts in the foetal villi. These results show that a low dietary protein concentration in the first trimester of pregnancy followed by increased protein in the second trimester enhanced placental development. Further, trophectoderm volume was highly correlated with birth weight. Early protein restriction in the pregnant cow may enhance foetal growth in part by stimulating placental growth and function.
Keywords: Cattle-pregnancy; Placenta; Nutrition; Pregnancy; Morphology
Rights: Copyright © 1999 Published by Elsevier B.V.
RMID: 0030004143
DOI: 10.1016/S0378-4320(98)00157-2
Appears in Collections:Physiology publications

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