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|Title:||Ontogeny of angiotensin II type 1 receptor and cytochrome P450c11 in the sheep adrenal gland|
|Author:||Coulter, Catherine Louise|
Myers, Dean A.
Nathanielsz, Peter W.
Bird, Ian M.
|Citation:||Biology of Reproduction, 2000; 62(3):714-719|
|Publisher:||Society for the Study of Reproduction|
|Catherine L. Coulter, Dean A. Myers, Peter W. Nathanielsz, and Ian M. Bird|
|Abstract:||In the present study we investigated the ontogeny of the expression of the type 1 angiotensin receptor (AT(1)R mRNA) and the zonal localization of AT(1)R immunoreactivity (AT(1)R-ir) and cytochrome P450(c11) (CYP11B-ir) in the sheep adrenal gland. In the adult sheep and in the fetus from as early as 90 days gestation, intense AT(1)R-ir was observed predominantly in the zona glomerulosa and to a lesser extent in the zona fasciculata, and it was not detectable in the adrenal medulla. AT(1)R mRNA decreased 4-fold between 105 days and 120 days, whereas AT(1)R mRNA levels remained relatively constant between 120 days and the newborn period. In contrast, both in the adult sheep and in the fetal sheep from as early as 90 days gestation, intense CYP11B-ir was consistently detected throughout the adrenal cortex and in steroidogenic cells that surround the central adrenal vein. In conclusion, we speculate that the presence of AT(1)R in the zona fasciculata, and the higher levels of expression of AT(1)R at around 100 days gestation, may suggest that suppression of CYP17 is mediated via AT(1)R at this time. The abundant expression of AT(1)R-ir and CYP11B-ir in the zona glomerulosa of the fetal sheep adrenal gland would also suggest that lack of angiotensin II stimulation of aldosterone secretion is not due to an absence of AT(1)R or CYP11B in the zona glomerulosa.|
|Appears in Collections:||Physiology publications|
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