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Type: Journal article
Title: Specific impairments in instrumental learning following chronic intermittent toluene inhalation in adolescent rats
Author: Dick, A.L.W.
Axelsson, M.
Lawrence, A.J.
Duncan, J.R.
Citation: Psychopharmacology, 2014; 231(8):1531-1542
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0033-3158
Statement of
Alec L. W. Dick, Martin Axelsson, Andrew J. Lawrence, Jhodie R. Duncan
Abstract: Rationale: Inhalant abuse is prevalent in adolescent populations, with chronic use resulting in neurobiological and cognitive abnormalities in adulthood. However, the nature and persistence of cognitive dysfunction, particularly following adolescent inhalant abuse, remain equivocal. Objective: The present study assessed specific cognitive processes beginning in late adolescence and adulthood following adolescent inhalation of toluene, a main component of many compounds readily abused. Methods: Adolescent male Wistar rats (postnatal day (PN) 27) were exposed to chronic intermittent inhaled toluene (10,000 ppm) for 1 h/day, 3 days/week for 4 weeks (PN 27–52) to mimic the patterns observed in human adolescent inhalant abusers. Following toluene exposure, motor and cognitive function was assessed. Results: Adolescent toluene exposure did not alter motor learning in the Rotarod task (PN 58) or acquisition, reversal, or retention of spatial learning in the Morris water maze (PN 55–64). In contrast, it delayed acquisition of instrumental responding for sucrose (5 % w/v) and impaired operant reversal learning and cue-induced reinstatement of sucrose seeking in adulthood (PN 57–100). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that exposure to toluene at an abuse concentration during adolescence results in specific impairments in aspects of instrumental learning, without altering motor function and spatial learning in late adolescence/early adulthood. Our data imply that persistent alterations in reward processing may occur following adolescent inhalant misuse.
Keywords: Inhalant abuse; cognition; operant self-administration; sucrose
Rights: © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013
DOI: 10.1007/s00213-013-3363-7
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