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Type: Journal article
Title: The zebrafish orthologue of familial Alzheimer's disease gene PRESENILIN 2 is required for normal adult melanotic skin pigmentation
Author: Jiang, H.
Newman, M.
Lardelli, M.
Citation: PLoS ONE, 2018; 13(10):e0206155-1-e0206155-20
Publisher: Public Library Science
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 1932-6203
Statement of
Haowei Jiang, Morgan Newman, Michael Lardelli
Abstract: Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of age-related dementia. At least 15 mutations in the human gene PRESENILIN 2 (PSEN2) have been found to cause familial Alzheimer's disease (fAD). Zebrafish possess an orthologous gene, psen2, and present opportunities for investigation of PRESENILIN function related to Alzheimer's disease. The most prevalent and best characterized fAD mutation in PSEN2 is N141I. The equivalent codon in zebrafish psen2 is N140. We used genome editing technology in zebrafish to target generation of mutations to the N140 codon. We isolated two mutations: psen2N140fs, (hereafter "N140fs"), causing truncation of the coding sequence, and psen2T141_L142delinsMISLISV, (hereafter "T141_L142delinsMISLISV"), that deletes the two codons immediately downstream of N140 and replaces them with seven codons coding for amino acid residues MISLISV. Thus, like almost every fAD mutation in the PRESENILIN genes, this latter mutation does not truncate the gene's open reading frame. Both mutations are homozygous viable although N140fs transcripts are subject to nonsense-mediated decay and lack any possibility of coding for an active γ-secretase enzyme. N140fs homozygous larvae initially show grossly normal melanotic skin pigmentation but subsequently lose this as they grow while retaining pigmentation in the retinal pigmented epithelium. T141_L142delinsMISLISV homozygotes retain faint skin melanotic pigmentation as adults, most likely indicating that the protein encoded by this allele retains weak γ-secretase activity. Null mutations in the human PRESENILIN genes do not cause Alzheimer's disease so these two mutations may be useful for future investigation of the differential effects of null and fAD-like PRESENILIN mutations on brain aging.
Keywords: Zebrafish; embryos; polymerase chain reaction; fish; insertion mutation; hypoxia; mutation; frameshift mutation
Rights: © 2018 Jiang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
RMID: 0030101964
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0206155
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Appears in Collections:Genetics publications

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