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Type: Journal article
Title: Biphasic regulation of the transcription factor ABORTED MICROSPORES (AMS) is essential for tapetum and pollen development in Arabidopsis
Author: Ferguson, A.
Pearce, S.
Band, L.
Yang, C.
Ferjentsikova, I.
King, J.
Yuan, Z.
Zhang, D.
Wilson, Z.
Citation: New Phytologist, 2017; 213(2):778-790
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 0028-646X
Statement of
Alison C. Ferguson, Simon Pearce, Leah R. Band, Caiyun Yang, Ivana Ferjentsikova, John King, Zheng Yuan, Dabing Zhang and Zoe A. Wilson
Abstract: •Viable pollen is essential for plant reproduction and crop yield. Its production requires coordinated expression at specific stages during anther development, involving early meiosis-associated events and late pollen wall formation. The ABORTED MICROSPORES (AMS) transcription factor is a master regulator of sporopollenin biosynthesis, secretion and pollen wall formation in Arabidopsis. Here we show that it has complex regulation and additional essential roles earlier in pollen formation. •An inducible-AMS reporter was created for functional rescue, protein expression pattern analysis, and to distinguish between direct and indirect targets. Mathematical modelling was used to create regulatory networks based on wild-type RNA and protein expression. •Dual activity of AMS was defined by biphasic protein expression in anther tapetal cells, with an initial peak around pollen meiosis and then later during pollen wall development. Direct AMS-regulated targets exhibit temporal regulation, indicating that additional factors are associated with their regulation. •We demonstrate that AMS biphasic expression is essential for pollen development, and defines distinct functional activities during early and late pollen development. Mathematical modelling suggests that AMS may competitively form a protein complex with other tapetum-expressed transcription factors, and that biphasic regulation is due to repression of upstream regulators and promotion of AMS protein degradation.
Keywords: Aborted microspores (AMS); anther development; Arabidopsis thaliana; pollen development; regulatory network modelling; tapetum
Rights: © 2016 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2016 New Phytologist Trust. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DOI: 10.1111/nph.14200
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications
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