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Type: Journal article
Title: Biosecurity measures applied in the United Arab Emirates - a comparative study between livestock and wildlife sectors
Other Titles: Biosecurity measures applied in the United Arab Emirates-a comparative study between livestock and wildlife sectors
Author: Chaber, A.
Saegerman, C.
Citation: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 2017; 64(4):1184-1190
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 1865-1674
Statement of
A.L. Chaber and C. Saegerman
Abstract: In 2013, the livestock population in the UAE exceeded 4.3 million heads with sheep and goats accounting for 90% of this. The overall number of captive wild ungulates (gazelle types) is difficult to assess as there is no registration system in place or enforced in the UAE with regard to the possession of wildlife. Those animal collections, mainly owned by high-ranking families, are therefore not registered and kept far from public viewing. Nonetheless, some collections are housing more than 30 000 ungulates in one location. The primary objective of this study was to describe the biosecurity measures currently applied in UAE ungulate facilities for different wildlife and livestock sectors. A secondary objective was to use the output from this biosecurity survey to investigate which sector could be categorized into risk groups for disease introduction and spread. Between October 2014 and May 2015, biosecurity questionnaire data were collected in the Emirates of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Ras Al Khaimah, Fujeirah, Ajman, Umm al Quwain and Sharjah from 14 wildlife collections, 30 livestock farms and 15 mixed (wildlife and livestock farms). These investigations through questionnaires allowed us to quantify and assess statistically biosecurity practices and levels for both livestock and wildlife sectors. In both sectors, biosecurity measures could be improved and only a few facilities had high biosecurity scores. The group of small unregistered farms (Ezba) represented the highest risk of disease transmission to other animals due to their lack of biosecurity awareness.
Keywords: Biosecurity; wildlife; collection; livestock; farms; UAE
Rights: © 2016 Blackwell Verlag GmbH
RMID: 0030078995
DOI: 10.1111/tbed.12488
Appears in Collections:Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications

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