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Type: Journal article
Title: Heteroatom-doped nanoporous carbon derived from MOF-5 for CO₂ capture
Other Titles: Heteroatom-doped nanoporous carbon derived from MOF-5 for CO2 capture
Author: Ma, X.
Li, L.
Chen, R.
Wang, C.
Li, H.
Wang, S.
Citation: Applied Surface Science, 2018; 435:494-502
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 0169-4332
Statement of
Xiancheng Ma, Liqing Li, Ruofei Chen, Chunhao Wang, Hailong Li, Shaobin Wang
Abstract: Four nanoporous carbons (MUCT) were prepared from metal-organic framework (MOF-5) template and additional carbon source (i.e. urea) by carbonization at different temperatures (600–900 °C). The results showed that specific surface area of four samples was obtained in the range from 1030 to 2307 m² g⁻¹. By changing the carbonization temperature it can finely tune the pore volume of the MUCT, which having a uniform pore size of around 4.0 nm. With an increasing carbonization temperature, the micropore surface area of MUCT samples varied slightly, but mesopore surface area increased obviously, which had little influence on carbon dioxide (CO₂) adsorption capacity. The as-obtained sample MUC900 exhibited the superior CO₂ capture capacity of 3.7 mmol g⁻¹ at 0 °C (1 atm). First principle calculations were conducted on carbon models with various functional groups to distinguish heterogeneity and understand carbon surface chemistry for CO₂ adsorption. The interaction between CO₂ and N-containing functional groups is mainly weak Lewis acid-base interaction. On the other hand, the pyrrole and amine groups show exceptional hydrogen-bonding interaction. The hydroxyls promote the interaction between carbon dioxide and functional groups through hydrogen-bonding interactions and electrostatic potentials, thereby increasing CO₂ capture of MUCT.
Keywords: MOF-5; nanoporous carbon; CO₂; capture; hydrogen-bonding interactions; acid-base interactions; electrostatic potential
Description: MOF-5; nanoporous carbon; CO₂; capture; hydrogen-bonding interactions; acid-base interactions; electrostatic potential
Rights: © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.11.069
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 8
Chemical Engineering publications

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