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Type: Thesis
Title: Positive scalar curvature and Callias-type index theorems for proper actions
Author: Guo, Hao
Issue Date: 2018
School/Discipline: School of Mathematical Sciences
Abstract: This thesis by publication is a study of the equivariant index theory of Dirac operators and Callias-type operators in two distinct settings, namely on cocompact and non-cocompact manifolds with a Lie group action. The first two chapters are a short resumé of Dirac operators and index theory and form a common introduction to the papers in the appendices. Appendix A is joint work with my supervisors, Elder Professor Mathai Varghese and Dr. Hang Wang. For G an almost-connected Lie group acting properly and cocompactly on a manifold M, we study G-index theory of G- invariant Dirac operators. By establishing Poincaré duality for equivariant K-theory and K-homology, we are able to extend the scope of our results to include all elements of equivariant analytic K-homology, which we also show is isomorphic to equivariant geometric K-homology. Our results are applied to prove: a rigidity result for almost-complex manifolds, generalising a vanishing theorem of Hattori; an analogue of Petrie's conjecture; and Lichnerowicz-type obstructions to G-invariant Riemannian metrics on M. Appendix B studies the much more general situation when the quotient M=G is non-compact and G is an arbitrary Lie group. I define G-Callias- type operators and show that they are C*(G)-Fredholm by adapting analysis of Kasparov to new Hilbert C*(G)-module analogues of Sobolev spaces. Questions of adjointability, regularity and essential self-adjointness are addressed in detail. The estimates on G-Callias-type operators are based on the work of Bunke [8] in the non-equivariant context. We construct explicit admissible endomorphisms for G-Callias-type operators from the K-theory of the Higson G-corona of M, a highly non-trivial group. The index theory developed here is applied to prove a general obstruction theorem for G- invariant metrics of positive scalar curvature in the non-cocompact setting.
Advisor: Varghese, Mathai
Wang, Hang
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Mathematical Sciences, 2018
Keywords: Positive scalar curvature
Callias-type operators
index theory
equivariant index
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
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