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Type: Thesis
Title: Lithogeochemical characterisation of cover sequence on Yorke Peninsula, South Australia, and identification of pathfinder elements for IOCG exploration.
Author: Hill, R. L.
Issue Date: 2015
School/Discipline: School of Physical Sciences
Abstract: Discoveries of major ore deposits have declined as the average depth of cover material overlying mineralisation has increased, resulting in a marked increase in the cost of greenfields exploration. In the past, the cover material has been discarded as it was not thought to be of use in exploration, however recently cover sequence geochemistry has been utilised in the exploration for various commodities, including base metals and gold. The Yorke Peninsula, South Australia, hosts economic and sub-economic IOCG deposits within the basement rocks which are overlain by Cambrian – Quaternary cover. Background geochemistry of whole rock samples were statistically determined, and pathfinders As, Co, S, Sb, Cu, Au, Ce and La were identified as potential vectors towards IOCG mineralisation on the Yorke Peninsula. Using the prospectivity index proposed by Fabris et al (2013), with a modified threshold of 3x average crustal abundance for cover rocks, areas of potential expression of basement mineralisation on the Yorke Peninsula were identified. Evidence of mechanical transport of elements from the basement was identified in diamictite samples, while chemical transport is seen in conglomerate samples. Pathfinder elements As and Sb were hosted in remobilised pyrite, while Co and Ni were hosted within primary pyrite grains. If the depositional and post-depositional environment of the cover material is understood, sulphide chemistry is a potential exploration tool for the Yorke Peninsula.
Dissertation Note: Thesis (B.Sc.(Hons)) -- University of Adelaide, School of Physical Sciences, 2015
Where: Gawler Craton, Yorke Peninsula, South Australia
Keywords: Honours; Geology; IOCG; Yorke Peninsula; exploration; lithogeochemistry; geochemistry; pyrite; pathfinders
Description: This item is only available electronically.
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the author of this thesis and do not wish it to be made publicly available, or you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
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