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Type: Journal article
Title: Fate and dynamics of metal precipitates arising from acid drainage discharges to a river system
Author: Mosley, L.M.
Biswas, T.K.
Dang, T.
Palmer, D.
Cummings, C.
Daly, R.
Simpson, S.
Kirby, J.
Citation: Chemosphere, 2018; 212:811-820
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 0045-6535
Statement of
Luke M. Mosley, Tapas K. Biswas, Tan Dang, David Palmer, Courtney Cummings, Rob Daly, Stuart Simpson, Jason Kirby
Abstract: Neutralisation of acid drainage creates metal-rich precipitates that may impact receiving water bodies. This study assessed the fate of over seven years of acid drainage discharges on the sediments of the lower River Murray (Australia), including the potential for periodic water anoxia to enhance risk via reductive dissolution of amorphous (Fe, Mn and co-precipitated and bound metal) oxide phases. With the exception of one site with restricted water exchange, elevated reducible/reactive metal(oid) (Fe, Ni, As, Co, Zn) concentrations were only observed in the localised wetland-riparian area within approximately 100 m of the discharges. Only a minor exceedance of national sediment quality guideline values occurred for Ni. In the main river channel, elevated reactive metal (Fe, Mn, Ni, Zn) concentrations were also only observed less than approximately 100 m from the drainage discharge point. This appears due to (a) rapid neutralisation of pH leading to metal precipitation and deposition in the localised discharge area, and/or (b) dilution of any metal precipitates entering the main channel with natural river sediments, and/or (c) flushing of precipitates downstream during higher flow conditions. The influence of deoxygenation on metal release was profound with large increases in the concentration of dissolved Fe, Mn, Zn, Ni, and As in the overlying water during laboratory experimental simulations. However, given in situ sediment metal contamination is very localised, it appears on a river reach scale that the acid drainage precipitates will not significantly contribute, over and above, the background release of these metals during these conditions.
Keywords: Acid drainage; metal contamination; reductive dissolution; deoxygenation; anoxia
Rights: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.08.146
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