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Type: Journal article
Title: Influence of handedness on motor unit discharge properties and physiological tremor
Author: Semmler, J.
Nordstrom, M.
Citation: Experimental Brain Research, 1995; 104(1):115-125
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Issue Date: 1995
ISSN: 0014-4819
Abstract: Discharge properties of motor units (MUs) in the first dorsal interosseous muscle (FDI) were studied in the dominant and non-dominant hands of six right-handed (RH) and six left-handed (LH) individuals. MU discharge rates and variability were similar in each hand in RH (186 MUs) and LH (160 MUs) subjects. MU synchronization was less prominent in the dominant hand of RH subjects, with 51% (45/88) of cross-correlograms of MU discharge having significant central peaks, compared with 81% (90/111) for the non-dominant hand. The strength of MU synchronization (expressed as the frequency of extra synchronous discharges above chance) was weaker in the dominant hand of right-handers (0.23 +/- 0.03 s-1 vs 0.39 +/- 0.03 s-1), and synchronous peaks from that hand were slightly broader. Four of six RH subjects had significant differences in synchronization between hands (weaker in dominant hand). In contrast, left-handers had similar incidence (80 vs 82%, n = 161) and strength (0.41 +/- 0.03 s-1 vs 0.37 +/- 0.03 s-1) of MU synchrony in dominant and non-dominant hands. No LH subject had a significant difference in synchronization between hands. Force tremor was quantified in each hand in the same subjects during isometric abduction of FDI at 0.5 N and 3.5 N, and directly correlated with the extent of MU synchronization in the muscle. Tremor root mean square amplitude was similar in dominant and non-dominant hands. Power spectral analysis of the tremor force revealed that the peak frequency in the power spectrum was not influenced by handedness, but power at the peak frequency was higher in the non-dominant hand of RH subjects. Correlations between MU discharge variability and synchrony with measures of tremor amplitude were weak. The reduced MU synchronization in the dominant hand of right-handers may reflect a more restricted distribution of direct projections from motor cortical neurons within the FDI motoneuron pool, or reduced excitability of the cortical neurons during the task. These differences in MU synchronization, however, had an insignificant influence on the magnitude of physiological tremor in the FDI.
Keywords: Arm; Hand; Muscle, Skeletal; Motor Neurons; Humans; Tremor; Cortical Synchronization; Electromyography; Isometric Contraction; Adult; Middle Aged; Male; Functional Laterality
RMID: 0030004116
DOI: 10.1007/BF00229861
Appears in Collections:Physiology publications

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