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|Title:||Ferroelectric polarization promoted bulk charge separation for highly efficient CO₂ photoreduction of SrBi₄Ti₄O₁₅|
|Other Titles:||Ferroelectric polarization promoted bulk charge separation for highly efficient CO(2) photoreduction of SrBi(4)Ti(4)O(15)|
|Citation:||Nano Energy, 2019; 56:840-850|
|Shuchen Tu, Yihe Zhang, Ali H. Reshak, Sushil Auluck, Liqun Ye, Xiaopeng Han, Tianyi Ma, Hongwei Huang|
|Abstract:||Fast recombination of photogenerated charge carriers in bulk remains the major obstacle for photocatalysis nowadays. Developing ferroelectrics directly as photoactive semiconducting catalysts may be promising in view of the strong ferroelectric polarization that induces the anisotropic charge separation. Here, we report a ferroelectric layered perovskite SrBi₄Ti₄O₁₅ as a robust photocatalyst for efficient CO₂ reduction. In the absence of co-catalysts and sacrificial agents, the annealed SrBi₄Ti₄O₁₅ nanosheets with the strongest ferroelectricity cast a prominent photocatalytic CO₂ reduction activity for CH₄ evolution with a rate of 19.8 μmol h⁻¹ g⁻¹ in the gas-solid reaction system, achieving an apparent quantum yield (AQY) of 1.33% at 365 nm, outperforming most of the reported photocatalysts. The ferroelectric hysteresis loop, piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) and ns-level time-resolved fluorescence spectra uncover that the outstanding CO₂ photoreduction activity of SrBi₄Ti₄O₁₅ mainly stems from the strong ferroelectric spontaneous polarization along  direction, which allows efficient bulk charge separation along opposite direction. DFT calculations also disclose that both electrons and holes show the smallest effective masses along a axis, verifying the high mobility of charge carriers facilitated by ferroelectric polarization. This study suggests that the traditionally semiconducting ferroelectric materials that have long been studied as ferro/piezoelectric ceramics now may be powerfully applied in the photocatalytic field to deal with the growing energy crisis.|
|Keywords:||Spontaneous polarization; ferroelectric perovskite; piezoelectric-catalysis; SrBi₄Ti₄O₁₅ nanosheets; CO₂ photoreduction|
|Rights:||© 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Chemical Engineering publications|
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