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Type: Journal article
Title: Association of adverse oral health outcomes with socioeconomic inequalities and dental needs in Brazilian adolescents
Author: Figueiredo, D.
Bastos, J.
Peres, K.
Citation: Cadernos de Saude Publica, 2017; 33(5):1-11
Publisher: Scientific Electronic Library Online
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 0102-311X
Statement of
Daniela de Rossi Figueiredo, João Luiz Bastos, Karen Glazer Peres
Abstract: This study aimed to explore the relations between adverse oral outcomes and socioeconomic, demographic, and self-rated oral health variables and to describe their distribution. Principal component analysis was conducted on data from adolescents in the Brazilian National Oral Health Survey (N = 5,445). Higher loadings were found for crowding (0.6), maxillary and mandibular irregularities (0.5), and count of communitary periodontal index (CPI) sextants with bleeding and dental calculus (0.5). The mean rates for periodontal and occlusal disorders were at least two times higher in adolescents from lower income families and those reporting the need for dental prostheses, as well as those dissatisfied with their dental and overall oral health. Increased mean rates of occlusal disorders were associated with schooling delay and history of toothache in the previous six months. The mean scores suggested accumulation of at least one of the negative oral health indicators in the lower income strata, among adolescents with schooling delay, and in those reporting dental needs. The results suggest priorities for planning and monitoring as a function of oral health requirements.
Keywords: Oral health; public health dentistry; adolescent
Rights: This article is published in Open Access under the Creative Commons Attribution license, which allows use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, without restrictions, as long as the original work is correctly cited.
RMID: 0030072203
DOI: 10.1590/0102-311X00165415
Appears in Collections:Dentistry publications

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