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Type: Journal article
Title: Effect of pre-maturation with C-type natriuretic peptide and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine on cumulus-oocyte communication and oocyte developmental competence in cattle
Author: Soto-Heras, S.
Paramio, M.-T.
Thompson, J.
Citation: Animal Reproduction Science, 2019; 202:49-57
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0378-4320
Statement of
Sandra Soto-Heras, Maria-Teresa Paramio, Jeremy G. Thompson
Abstract: In vitro embryo production depends on oocyte competence, which is acquired during folliculogenesis, involving cytoplasmic and nuclear processes. In vitro maturation (IVM) induces spontaneous resumption of meiosis, preventing full competence acquisition. The incorporation of a pre-IVM phase with supplementation with C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) and 3-Isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) was used with the aim of improving developmental competence of cattle oocytes. In a preliminary experiment, COCs were cultured with increasing CNP concentrations and nuclear stage assessment was performed. Supplementation with both 100 and 200 nM CNP resulted in more germinal vesicle (GV) arrest at 6 h of culture than those in the control group (79.3%, 76.4% and 59.2%, respectively). In a second experiment, use of 100 nM CNP plus 500 μM IBMX resulted in retention of more oocytes in the GV stage (92.0%) at 6 h of culture compared to supplementation with either CNP or IBMX alone (74.8% and 86.7%, respectively). A subsequent assessment of the effect of the pre-IVM system (6-h of culture with CNP plus IBMX), followed by 20-h of IVM, with comparison to the control at 24-h of IVM was performed. Blastocyst development rate was greater after the pre-IVM phase (45.1% compared with 34.5%). The inclusion of the pre-IVM phase also resulted in an enhanced mitochondrial activity in matured oocytes and sustained integrity of transzonal projections for longer after IVM. In conclusion, CNP and IBMX function synergistically to arrest meiosis in cattle oocytes during a pre-IVM phase, which improves cumulus-oocyte communication and embryo development.
Keywords: Pre-maturation; C-type natriuretic peptide; IBMX; meiotic arrest; oocyte competence; transzonal projections
Rights: © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2019.01.007
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