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Type: Journal article
Title: Modelling the mass transfer process of malvidin-3-glucoside during simulated extraction from fresh grape solids under wine-like conditions
Author: Setford, P.
Jeffery, D.
Grbin, P.
Muhlack, R.
Citation: Molecules, 2018; 23(9):2159-1-2159-16
Publisher: MDPI AG
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 1420-3049
Statement of
Patrick C. Setford, David W. Jeffery, Paul R. Grbin and Richard A. Muhlack
Abstract: Extraction of grape components is a key consideration for red winemaking. The impact of changing process variables on mass transfer properties of anthocyanins from fresh pre-fermentative red grape solids under forced convective conditions was explored using the dominant red grape anthocyanin, malvidin-3-glucoside (M3G) as a model solute. A two level full factorial design was implemented to investigate effects of temperature, sugar and ethanol on mass transfer properties. Factor levels were chosen to simulate conditions found at various points during the maceration and fermentation steps of the red winemaking process. A rigorous mathematical model was developed and applied to experimental extraction curves, allowing the separation of mass transport properties in liquid and solid phases in a wine-like system, for the first time. In all cases, the coefficient of determination exceeded 0.92, indicating good agreement between experimental and mathematically-solved M3G concentrations. For the conditions studied, internal mass transfer was found to limit M3G extraction and changes to the liquid phase composition and temperature influence the distribution constant. Surface response models of mass transfer parameters were developed to allow future simulations of fermentation scenarios aimed at maximising the extraction potential of M3G.
Keywords: Phenolic extraction; diffusion; anthocyanin; process modelling; wine colour; mass transfer
Rights: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
RMID: 0030096882
DOI: 10.3390/molecules23092159
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Appears in Collections:Chemistry publications

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