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Type: Journal article
Title: Creation of innovative earthquake resistant steel buildings by dividing the structure into inner and outer parts having interaction by hysteretic dampers
Other Titles: 2794. Creation of innovative earthquake resistant steel buildings by dividing the structure into inner and outer parts having interaction by hysteretic dampers
Author: Taheri, A.
Hosseini, M.
Moghadam, A.
Citation: Journal of Vibroengineering, 2018; 20(1):477-493
Publisher: JVE International Ltd.
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 1392-8716
Statement of
A. Taheri, M. Hosseini, A.S. Moghadam
Abstract: In conventional seismic design codes of building structures severe structural damage due to large earthquakes is accepted, provided that the structure does not collapse, and life safety of the residents is guaranteed. The extent of this allowed damage can be so high that after earthquake, demolition and reconstruction of the building becomes inevitable, particularly in near-fault areas. The idea followed in this study is to relocate the damage to some predetermined fuse elements, other than the main structural members, so that the building could be quickly and easily repaired, even after major earthquakes. For this purpose, dividing the building’s structure into two inner and outer parts with different dynamic characteristics, and creating dynamic interaction between them by using yielding plate or hysteretic dampers was investigated. At first, a 5-storey building model was developed and divided into two interactive parts using hysteretic dampers at roof level, and it was tried, by developing a code in MATLAB environment for solving the nonlinear equations of motion, to find the optimal values of the initial stiffness and the yielding strength of dampers, assuming their behavior to be elastic-perfectly plastic. The results of nonlinear time history analyses (NLTHA), by using a set of selected earthquakes accelerograms, showed that by using appropriate initial stiffness and yield strength, the inert-story drifts of both inner and outer structures can be significantly reduced. Then, 5-, 8- and 11-story steel braced buildings were designed by ETABS, and were divided into inner and outer substructures, and then were modeled in PERFORM-3D software using hysteretic dampers with optimal stiffness and strength, obtained from the MATLAB program, and the seismic responses were compared. Final results of the NLTHA show that the inter-story drift values of outer and inner substructures decreases in average by 20 % and 65 %, respectively, comparing to the original structure. This drift reduction leads to decrease of the damage indices of outer and inner substructures by almost 20 % and 80 %, respectively, comparing to the original structure, making it possible in most cases to have an easily repairable structure.
Keywords: Repairable buildings; yielding-plate dampers; nonlinear dynamic analysis; MATLAB; inter-story drift; PERFORM-3D; park-ang damage index
Rights: © JVE International Ltd.
DOI: 10.21595/jve.2017.19194
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Civil and Environmental Engineering publications

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